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Viral metagenomic profiling of Croatian bat population reveals sample and habitat dependent diversity
ID Šimić, Ivana (Author), ID Zorec, Tomaž Mark (Author), ID Lojkić, Ivana (Author), ID Krešić, Nina (Author), ID Poljak, Mario (Author), ID Cliquet, Florence (Author), ID Picard-Meyer, Evelyne (Author), ID Wasniewski, Marine (Author), ID Zrnčić, Vida (Author), ID Ćukušić, Anđela (Author), ID Bedeković, Tomislav (Author)

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Abstract
To date, the microbiome, as well as the virome of the Croatian populations of bats, was unknown. Here, we present the results of the first viral metagenomic analysis of guano, feces and saliva (oral swabs) of seven bat species (Myotis myotis, Miniopterus schreibersii, Rhinolophus ferrumequinum, Eptesicus serotinus, Myotis blythii, Myotis nattereri and Myotis emarginatus) conducted in Mediterranean and continental Croatia. Viral nucleic acids were extracted from sample pools, and analyzed using Illumina sequencing. The presence of 63 different viral families representing all seven Baltimore groups were confirmed, most commonly insect viruses likely reflecting the diet of insectivorous bats. Virome compositions of our samples were largely impacted by the sample type: invertebrate-infecting viruses were most frequently found in feces, bacterial viruses in guano, whereas vertebrate-infecting viruses were most common in swabs. Most vertebrate-infecting virus sequences were assigned to retroviruses, parvoviruses, iridoviruses, and poxviruses. We further report the complete genome sequence of a novel adeno-associated virus, densovirus and a near complete length genome sequence of a novel iflavirus. Additionally, one of the most interesting findings in this study was the difference in viromes between two contrasting habitats, the continental and Mediterranean Croatia.

Language:English
Keywords:bats, viral metagenomics, Croatia, virus, diversity
Work type:Article (dk_c)
Typology:1.01 - Original Scientific Article
Organization:MF - Faculty of Medicine
Year:2020
Publication status in journal:Published
Article version:Publisher's version of article
Number of pages:24 str.
Numbering:Vol. 12, iss. 8, art. 891
UDC:616.9
ISSN on article:1999-4915
DOI:10.3390/v12080891 This link opens in a new window
COBISS.SI-ID:26085379 This link opens in a new window
Publication date in RUL:05.01.2022
Views:131
Downloads:51
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Record is a part of a journal

Title:Viruses
Shortened title:Viruses
Publisher:MDPI
ISSN:1999-4915
COBISS.SI-ID:517597977 This link opens in a new window

Licences

License:CC BY 4.0, Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International
Link:http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
Description:This is the standard Creative Commons license that gives others maximum freedom to do what they want with the work as long as they credit the author.
Licensing start date:14.08.2020

Secondary language

Language:Slovenian
Keywords:netopirji, metagenomija virusov, Hrvaška

Document is financed by a project

Funder:HRZZ - Croatian Science Foundation (CSF)
Project number:8513
Name:BatsRabTrack

Funder:ARRS - Agencija za raziskovalno dejavnost Republike Slovenije (ARRS)
Project number:P3-0083
Name:Odnosi parazitskega obstajanja

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