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Metabolic variation among fruits of different chili cultivars (Capsicum spp.) using HPLC/MS
ID Zamljen, Tilen (Author), ID Medič, Aljaž (Author), ID Veberič, Robert (Author), ID Hudina, Metka (Author), ID Jakopič, Jerneja (Author), ID Slatnar, Ana (Author)

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Abstract
Chilies are widely cultivated for their rich metabolic content, especially capsaicinoids. In our study, we determined individual sugars, organic acids, capsaicinoids, and total phenolic content in pericarp, placenta, and seeds of Capsicum annuum L., Capsicum chinense Jacq. and Capsicum baccatum L. by HPLC/MS. Dry weight varied in the cultivar ‘Cayenne’, with the first fruit having the lowest dry weight, with 4.14 g. The total sugar content and organic acid content did not vary among the fruits of all three cultivars. The cultivar ‘Cayenne’ showed differences in total phenolic and capsaicinoid content between fruits in the placenta, with the first fruit having the highest content of total phenolics (27.85 g GAE/kg DW) and total capsaicinoids (16.15 g/kg DW). Of the three cultivars studied, the cultivar ‘Habanero Orange’ showed the least variability among fruits in terms of metabolites. The content of dihydrocapsaicin, nordihydrocapsaicin, homocapsaicin, and homodihydrocapsaicin in the seeds of the second fruit was higher than that of the first fruit of the cultivar ‘Bishop Crown’. The results of our study provided significant insight into the metabolomics of individual fruits of the same chili plant. We have thus increased our understanding of how certain metabolites are distributed between fruits at different levels of the same plant and different parts of the fruit. This could be further investigated when chilies are exposed to different environmental stresses.

Language:English
Keywords:capsaicinoids, metabolomics, organic acids, pungent, sugars
Work type:Article (dk_c)
Typology:1.01 - Original Scientific Article
Organization:BF - Biotechnical Faculty
Year:2022
Publication status in journal:Published
Article version:Publisher's version of article
Number of pages:13 str.
Numbering:Vol. 11, iss. 1, art. 101
PID:20.500.12556/RUL-134272 This link opens in a new window
UDC:634.11/.12
ISSN on article:2223-7747
DOI:10.3390/plants11010101 This link opens in a new window
COBISS.SI-ID:91911171 This link opens in a new window
Publication date in RUL:04.01.2022
Views:130
Downloads:80
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Record is a part of a journal

Title:Plants
Shortened title:Plants
Publisher:MDPI
ISSN:2223-7747
COBISS.SI-ID:523345433 This link opens in a new window

Licences

License:CC BY 4.0, Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International
Link:http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
Description:This is the standard Creative Commons license that gives others maximum freedom to do what they want with the work as long as they credit the author.
Licensing start date:01.01.2022

Secondary language

Language:Slovenian
Keywords:kapsaicinoidi, metabolomika, organske kisline, sladkorji, čili, sorte, presnova

Document is financed by a project

Funder:ARRS - Agencija za raziskovalno dejavnost Republike Slovenije (ARRS)
Project number:P4-0013
Name:Hortikultura

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