Effects of ultrafine particles in ambient air on primary health care consultations for diabetes in children and elderly population in Ljubljana, Slovenia : a 5-year time-trend study
ID Viher Hrženjak, Vesna (Author), ID Kukec, Andreja (Author), ID Eržen, Ivan (Author), ID Stanimirović, Dalibor (Author)

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Epidemiological studies indicate that exposure to ultrafine particles (UFP) in ambient air represents an important environmental public health issue. The aim of this study was to determine the association between UFP in ambient air and the daily number of consultations in the primary health care unit due to diabetes mellitus in children and elderly population of the Municipality of Ljubljana. A 5-year time-trend ecological study was carried out for the period between 1 January 2013 and 31 December 2017. The daily number of primary health care consultations due to diabetes mellitus among children and elderly population was observed as the health outcome. Daily mean UFP concentrations (different size from 10 to 100 nm) were measured and calculated. Poisson regression analysis was used to investigate the association between the observed outcome and the daily UFP, particulate matter fine fraction (PM$_{2.5}$), and particulate matter coarse fraction (PM$_{10}$) concentrations, adjusted to other covariates. The results show that the daily number of consultations due to diabetes mellitus were highly significantly associated with the daily concentrations of UFP (10 to 20 nm; p ≤ 0.001 and 20 to 30 nm; p ≤ 0.001) in all age groups and in the elderly population. In observed the population of children, we did not confirm the association. Findings indicate that specified environmental challenges should be addressed by comprehensive public health strategies leading to the coordinated cross-sectoral measures for the reduction of UFP in ambient air and the mitigation of adverse health effects.

Keywords:air pollution, diabetes, Slovenia, ultrafine particles, health effects, time-trend study
Work type:Article
Typology:1.01 - Original Scientific Article
Organization:MF - Faculty of Medicine
Publication status:Published
Publication version:Version of Record
Number of pages:19 str.
Numbering:Vol. 17, iss. 14, art. 4970
PID:20.500.12556/RUL-133866 This link opens in a new window
ISSN on article:1660-4601
DOI:10.3390/ijerph17144970 This link opens in a new window
COBISS.SI-ID:23124995 This link opens in a new window
Publication date in RUL:17.12.2021
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Record is a part of a journal

Title:International journal of environmental research and public health
Shortened title:Int. j. environ. res. public health
COBISS.SI-ID:1818965 This link opens in a new window


License:CC BY 4.0, Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International
Description:This is the standard Creative Commons license that gives others maximum freedom to do what they want with the work as long as they credit the author.
Licensing start date:10.07.2020

Secondary language

Keywords:onesnaževanje zraka, diabetes, Slovenija

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