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Application of kinematic GPR-TPS model with high 3D georeference accuracy for underground utility infrastructure mapping : a case study from urban sites in Celje, Slovenia
ID Šarlah, Nikolaj (Author), ID Podobnikar, Tomaž (Author), ID Ambrožič, Tomaž (Author), ID Mušič, Branko (Author)

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Abstract
This paper describes in detail the applicability of the developed ground-penetrating radar (GPR) model with a kinematic GPR and self-tracking (robotic) terrestrial positioning system (TPS) surveying setup (GPR-TPS model) for the acquisition, processing and visualisation of underground utility infrastructure (UUI) in a real urban environment. The integration of GPR with TPS can significantly improve the accuracy of UUI positioning in a real urban environment by means of efficient control of GPR trajectories. Two areas in the urban part of Celje in Slovenia were chosen. The accuracy of the kinematic GPR-TPS model was analysed by comparing the three-dimensional (3D) position of UUI given as reference values (true 3D position) from the officially consolidated cadastre of utility infrastructure in the Republic of Slovenia and those obtained by the GPR-TPS method. To determine the reference 3D position of the GPR antenna and UUI, the same positional and height geodetic network was used. Small unmanned aerial vehicles (UAV) were used for recording to provide a better spatial display of the results of UUI obtained with the GPR-TPS method. As demonstrated by the results, the kinematic GPR-TPS model for data acquisition can achieve an accuracy of fewer than 15 centimetres in a real urban environment.

Language:English
Keywords:kinematic GPR-TPS model, self-tracking terrestrial positioning system, unmanned aerial vehicle, underground utility infrastructure, horizontal accuracy, vertical accuracy, testing pools, real urban environment
Work type:Article
Typology:1.01 - Original Scientific Article
Organization:FGG - Faculty of Civil and Geodetic Engineering
FF - Faculty of Arts
Publication status:Published
Publication version:Version of Record
Year:2020
Number of pages:26 str.
Numbering:Vol. 12, iss. 8, art. 1228
PID:20.500.12556/RUL-133419 This link opens in a new window
UDC:550.3
ISSN on article:2072-4292
DOI:10.3390/rs12081228 This link opens in a new window
COBISS.SI-ID:71846498 This link opens in a new window
Publication date in RUL:26.11.2021
Views:766
Downloads:145
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Record is a part of a journal

Title:Remote sensing
Shortened title:Remote sens.
Publisher:MDPI
ISSN:2072-4292
COBISS.SI-ID:32345133 This link opens in a new window

Licences

License:CC BY 4.0, Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International
Link:http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
Description:This is the standard Creative Commons license that gives others maximum freedom to do what they want with the work as long as they credit the author.
Licensing start date:11.04.2020

Secondary language

Language:Slovenian
Keywords:kinematični GPR-TPS model, sistem za samodejno sledenje položaja, podzemna gospodarska infrastruktura, brezpilotni letalnik, horizontalna natančnost, vertikalna natančnost, realno urbano okolje

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