Dietary intakes and cardiovascular health of healthy adults in short-, medium-, and long-term whole-food plant-based lifestyle program
ID Jakše, Boštjan (Author), ID Jakše, Barbara (Author), ID Pinter, Stanislav (Author), ID Jug, Borut (Author), ID Godnov, Uroš (Author), ID Pajek, Jernej (Author), ID Fidler Mis, Nataša (Author)

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An effective lifestyle strategy to reduce cardiovascular diseases risk (CVD) factors is needed. We examined the effects of a whole-food plant-based (WFPB) lifestyle program on dietary intake and cardiovascular (CV) risk factors in 151 adults (mean 39.6 (SD 12.5) years). Adherence was categorised into short-, medium- and long-term (years: (0.5–<2), (2–<5) and (5–10)), for both genders separately. Dietary intakes were assessed, fasting blood lipids and blood pressure (BP) were measured, and % participants reaching guideline recommended targets for LDL-cholesterol, triglycerides and BP in the primary CVD prevention was assessed. There were no statistically significant differences in intakes of energy and most nutrients among participants (both genders), that were short-, medium- and long term in our program. Diet was mainly composed of unprocessed vegetables/fruits, whole grains, legumes, potatoes, and nuts/seeds. LDL-cholesterol, triglycerides, systolic and diastolic BP were within targets for: 93%, 97%, 88% and 95% participants, respectively. In females (vs. males), total- and HDL-cholesterol were higher (mean): 3.8 (SD 0.7) vs. 3.4 (SD 0.9), p = 0.002 and 1.5 (SD 0.3) vs. 1.1 (SD 0.2) mmol/L, p < 0.001), systolic BP was lower (113 (SD 11) vs. 120 (SD 10) mmHg, p = 0.001), while there was no difference in diastolic BP (71 (SD 9) vs. 72 (SD 8) mmHg, p = 0.143). More females vs. males reached target triglycerides (99% vs. 91%, p = 0.021) and systolic BP (92% vs. 79%, p = 0.046), while similar females and males reached target LDL-cholesterol (94% vs. 91%, p = 0.500) and diastolic BP (93% vs. 100%, p = 0.107). Participation in our WFPB lifestyle program is associated with favourable dietary intakes, safety markers, and CV risk factor profiles.

Keywords:nutrition, plant-based diet, vegan diet, lifestyle, cardiovascular health, blood lipids, blood pressure
Work type:Article
Typology:1.01 - Original Scientific Article
Organization:BF - Biotechnical Faculty
FŠ - Faculty of Sport
MF - Faculty of Medicine
Publication status:Published
Publication version:Version of Record
Number of pages:27 str.
Numbering:Vol. 12, iss. 1, art. 55
PID:20.500.12556/RUL-133288 This link opens in a new window
ISSN on article:2072-6643
DOI:10.3390/nu12010055 This link opens in a new window
COBISS.SI-ID:5641649 This link opens in a new window
Publication date in RUL:19.11.2021
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Shortened title:Nutrients
COBISS.SI-ID:2948140 This link opens in a new window


License:CC BY 4.0, Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International
Description:This is the standard Creative Commons license that gives others maximum freedom to do what they want with the work as long as they credit the author.
Licensing start date:01.01.2020

Secondary language

Keywords:prehrana, prehranjevanje, dietetika, vegetarijanska dieta, veganska dieta, življenjski stil, kardiovaskularni sistem, srčnožilni sistem, krvni pritisk


Funder:ARRS - Slovenian Research Agency
Project number:P3-0395
Name:Prehrana in javno zdravje

Funder:Other - Other funder or multiple funders
Funding programme:Barbara Jakše, sole proprietor

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