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Understanding how consumers categorise health related claims on foods : a consumer-derived typology of health-related claims
Hodgkins, Charo E. (Author), Egan, Bernadette M. (Author), Peacock, Matthew (Author), Klepacz, Naomi (Author), Miklavec, Krista (Author), Pravst, Igor (Author), Pohar, Jurij (Author), Gracia, Azucena (Author), Groeppel-Klein, Andrea (Author), Rayner, Mike (Author), Raats, Monique (Author)

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Abstract
The Nutrition and Health Claims Regulation (NHCR) EC No 1924/2006 aims to provide an appropriate level of consumer protection whilst supporting future innovation and fair competition within the EU food industry. However, consumers’ interpretation of health claims is less well understood. There is a lack of evidence on the extent to which consumers are able to understand claims defined by this regulatory framework. Utilising the Multiple Sort Procedure (MSP), a study was performed (N = 100 participants across five countries: Germany, the Netherlands, Slovenia, Spain and the United Kingdom) to facilitate development of a framework of health-related claims encompassing dimensions derived from consumers. Our results provide useful insight into how consumers make sense of these claims and how claims may be optimised to enhance appropriate consumer understanding. They suggest consumers may not consciously differentiate between a nutrition claim and a health claim in the way that regulatory experts do and provide insight into where this might occur. A consumer-derived typology of health-related claims based on three key dimensions is proposed: (1) Familiarity with the nutrient, substance or food stated in the claim; (2) statement type in terms of simplicity/complexity; (3) relevance of the claim, either personally or for a stated population group.

Language:English
Keywords:nutrition claims, health claims, consumer understanding, multiple sort procedure, health claim typology
Work type:Article (dk_c)
Tipology:1.01 - Original Scientific Article
Organization:BF - Biotechnical Faculty
Year:2019
Number of pages:31 str.
Numbering:Vol. 11, iss. 3, art. 539
UDC:612.39
ISSN on article:2072-6643
DOI:10.3390/nu11030539 This link opens in a new window
COBISS.SI-ID:39952133 This link opens in a new window
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Downloads:38
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Record is a part of a journal

Title:Nutrients
Shortened title:Nutrients
Publisher:MDPI
ISSN:2072-6643
COBISS.SI-ID:2948140 This link opens in a new window

Document is financed by a project

Funder:EC - European Commission
Funding Programme:FP7
Project no.:311963
Name:Role of health-related claims and symbols in consumer behaviour
Acronym:CLYMBOL

Licences

License:CC BY 4.0, Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International
Link:http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
Description:This is the standard Creative Commons license that gives others maximum freedom to do what they want with the work as long as they credit the author.
Licensing start date:02.03.2019

Secondary language

Language:Slovenian
Keywords:prehrana, nutricija, zdravje, potrošniki

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