Mycotoxin decontamination efficacy of atmospheric pressure air plasma
ID Hojnik, Nataša (Author), ID Modic, Martina (Author), ID Tavčar-Kalcher, Gabrijela (Author), ID Babič, Janja (Author), ID Walsh, James L. (Author), ID Cvelbar, Uroš (Author)

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Mycotoxins, the toxic secondary metabolites of mould species, are a growing global concern, rendering almost 25% of all food produced unfit for human or animal consumption, thus placing immense pressure on the food supply chain. Cold Atmospheric pressure Plasma (CAP) represents a promising, low-cost, and environmentally friendly means to degrade mycotoxins with negligible effect on the quality of food products. Despite this promise, the study of CAP-mediated mycotoxin degradation has been limited to a small subset of the vast number of mycotoxins that plague the food supply chain. This study explores the degradation of aflatoxins, trichothecenes, fumonisins, and zearalenone using CAP generated in ambient air. CAP treatment was found to reduce aflatoxins by 93%, trichothecenes by 90%, fumonisins by 93%, and zearalenone by 100% after 8 minutes exposure. To demonstrate the potential of CAP-mediated mycotoxin degradation against more conventional methods, its efficiency was compared against ultraviolet C (UVC) light irradiation. In all cases, CAP was found to be considerably more efficient than UVC, with aflatoxin G$_1$ and zearalenone being completely degraded, levels that could not be achieved using UVC irradiation.

Keywords:mycotoxins, cold atmospheric pressure plasma, decontamination
Work type:Article
Typology:1.01 - Original Scientific Article
Organization:VF - Veterinary Faculty
Publication status:Published
Publication version:Version of Record
Number of pages:12 str.
Numbering:Vol. 11, iss. 4, art. 219
PID:20.500.12556/RUL-132341 This link opens in a new window
ISSN on article:2072-6651
DOI:10.3390/toxins11040219 This link opens in a new window
COBISS.SI-ID:32409895 This link opens in a new window
Publication date in RUL:22.10.2021
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Record is a part of a journal

Title:Toxins : Elektronski vir
Shortened title:Toxins
COBISS.SI-ID:517594649 This link opens in a new window


License:CC BY 4.0, Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International
Description:This is the standard Creative Commons license that gives others maximum freedom to do what they want with the work as long as they credit the author.
Licensing start date:12.04.2019


Funder:ARRS - Slovenian Research Agency
Project number:P1-0207
Name:Toksini in biomembrane

Funder:ARRS - Slovenian Research Agency
Project number:L2-6769
Name:Nanostrukture in njihovi kompoziti za zaznavanje nevarnih molekul v plinskem stanju

Funder:ARRS - Slovenian Research Agency
Project number:NI-0001
Name:Novi visoko občutljivi in hitri senzorji za spremljanje kakovosti vode

Funder:ARRS - Slovenian Research Agency
Project number:N3-0059
Name:Plazemsko podprto zdravjenje ran in topikalni vnos molekul

Funder:RCUK - Research Council UK
Funding programme:EPSRC
Project number:EP/N021347/1
Name:Establishing a Centre for Plasma Microbiology

Funder:Other - Other funder or multiple funders
Funding programme:Innovate UK
Project number:50769-377232

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