The role of gender, education and family in the welfare organization : disaggregating National Transfer Accounts
Abio, Gemma (Author), Patxot, Concepció (Author), Souto, Guadalupe (Author), Istenič, Tanja (Author)

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In this paper, we extend the National Transfer Accounts (NTA) methodology to obtain the age profiles simultaneously disaggregated by gender, education level and family structure. We present the results for four countries (Austria, Spain, Finland and the UK), analysing the roles of these three dimensions in the both inter and intragenerational distribution of resources. We find interesting differences across countries, some of them related to the degree and age direction of the familiarization of different welfare state regimes. Finland excels as the country with the highest level of public transfers, and in particular for the elderly and for parents of working ages. In Austria, public transfers are also generous for children and the elderly, and there are substantial family benefits. In the UK and Spain, public transfers are much lower and family-related allowances are almost insignificant. Consequently, in Spain, private transfers from parents to children are the highest, while in the UK asset reallocations play a significant role in financing elderly consumption. Overall, our analysis provides interesting insights on how gender, redistribution policies and family structure interact with the welfare organization.

Keywords:demography, ageing, pensions, education, demographic change, national transfer accounts
Work type:Article (dk_c)
Tipology:1.01 - Original Scientific Article
Organization:EF - School of Economics and Business
Number of pages:Str. 1-16
Numbering:Vol. 20, art. 100348
ISSN on article:2212-828X
DOI:10.1016/j.jeoa.2021.100348 This link opens in a new window
COBISS.SI-ID:78282499 This link opens in a new window
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Record is a part of a journal

Title:The Journal of the economics of ageing
COBISS.SI-ID:519739417 This link opens in a new window

Document is financed by a project

Funder:EC - European Commission
Funding Programme:Horizon 2020 Joint Program Initiative More Years, Better Live’s
Project no.:PCIN-2016-151

Funding Programme:Spanish Ministry of Science, Innovation and Universities
Project no.:RTI2018- 095799-B-I00

Funder:ARRS - Agencija za raziskovalno dejavnost Republike Slovenije (ARRS)
Funding Programme:Raziskovalni program
Project no.:P5-0128
Name:Izzivi vključujočega in trajnostnega razvoja v prevladujoči paradigmi ekonomskih in poslovnih znanosti


License:CC BY-NC-ND 4.0, Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International
Description:The most restrictive Creative Commons license. This only allows people to download and share the work for no commercial gain and for no other purposes.
Licensing start date:16.09.2021

Secondary language

Keywords:demografija, staranje, pokojnine

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