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Food safety knowledge and practices of pregnant women and postpartum mothers in Slovenia
ID Jevšnik, Mojca (Author), ID Česen, Anja (Author), ID Šantić, Marina (Author), ID Ovca, Andrej (Author)

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Abstract
Food safety during pregnancy and postpartum is important for preventing foodborne diseases, while pregnant women are considered vulnerable due to their immunomodulatory condition. The current study aimed to investigate the self-reported food safety knowledge and practices of pregnant women and postpartum mothers in Slovenia using an online questionnaire and to compare the results with nonpregnant women as a control group. The study was conducted with 426 women, of whom 145 were pregnant, 191 were not pregnant, and 90 were postpartum. The online questionnaire consisted of questions related to food safety risk perception, hand hygiene, food purchase, food storage, food preparation and handling of infant formula and breast milk. The results showed that women generally have basic knowledge of proper food handling and are aware of food safety, but some specific gaps were identified in food handling at home, especially concerning microbiological risks. However, the results showed that pregnant women performed better than the postpartum group, and both groups performed significantly better than the nonpregnant group. The media was most frequently cited as a source of food safety information, especially by the pregnant group. Trained health workers should also inform women on how to ensure food safety in the home environment.

Language:English
Keywords:food safety, food handling, pregnancy, postpartum, expressed breast milk, infant formula
Typology:1.01 - Original Scientific Article
Organization:ZF - University College of Health Studies
Year:2021
Publication status in journal:Published
Article version:Publisher's version of article
Submitted for review:14.09.2021
Article acceptance date:07.10.2021
Publication date:12.10.2021
Number of pages:Str. 1-12, article 2412
Numbering:Vol. 10, iss. 10
UDC:614.31:618.2/.7
ISSN on article:2304-8158
DOI:10.3390/foods10102412 This link opens in a new window
COBISS.SI-ID:80355843 This link opens in a new window
Publication date in RUL:13.10.2021
Views:98
Downloads:50
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Record is a part of a journal

Title:Foods
Shortened title:Foods
Publisher:MDPI
ISSN:2304-8158
COBISS.SI-ID:512252472 This link opens in a new window

Licences

License:CC BY 4.0, Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International
Link:http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
Description:This is the standard Creative Commons license that gives others maximum freedom to do what they want with the work as long as they credit the author.
Licensing start date:12.10.2021

Secondary language

Language:Slovenian
Keywords:varnost hrane, ravnanje s hrano, nosečnost, poporodna doba, iztisnjeno materino mleko, formula za dojenčke

Document is financed by a project

Funder:ARRS - Agencija za raziskovalno dejavnost Republike Slovenije (ARRS)
Project number:P3-0388
Name:Mehanizmi varovanja zdravja

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