Tools for edible cities : a review of tools for planning and assessing edible nature-based solutions
ID Mino, Eric (Author), ID Pueyo-Ros, Josep (Author), ID Škerjanec, Mateja (Author), ID Castellar, Joana A. C. (Author), ID Viljoen, André (Author), ID Istenič, Darja (Author), ID Atanasova, Nataša (Author), ID Bohn, Katrin (Author), ID Comas, Joaquim (Author)

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In the last five years, European research and innovation programmes have prioritised the development of online catalogues and tools (handbooks, models, etc.) to facilitate the implementation and monitoring of Nature-Based Solutions (NBS). However, only a few catalogues and toolkits within European programmes are directly related to mainstreaming of NBS for food production (i.e., edible NBS). Therefore, the main aim of this paper is to present existing NBS tools through the eyes of productive urban landscapes. We reviewed 32 projects related to NBS and 50 tools were identified and characterised. Then, the six tools already available and provided indicators were further analysed in terms of their format and knowledge domains. Our main conclusion demonstrates that there is a lack of tools capable of supporting users for planning and implementing edible NBS; calculating the food potential of a city and/or of individual edible NBS, including the needed resources for implementation and operation (water, nutrients, energy); and assessing their urban design value, environmental and socio-economic impacts. Moreover, when they do exist, there is a resistance to share the models and equations behind the tools to allow other projects to reuse or validate them, a fact which is contrary to the open science principles upheld by many public research agencies.

Keywords:nature-based solutions, productive urban landscapes, decision support systems, edible cities, urban agriculture, circular economy, sustainable development, environmental protection
Work type:Article
Typology:1.02 - Review Article
Organization:FGG - Faculty of Civil and Geodetic Engineering
Publication status:Published
Publication version:Version of Record
Number of pages:17 str.
Numbering:Vol. 13, iss. 17, art. 2366
PID:20.500.12556/RUL-131842 This link opens in a new window
ISSN on article:2073-4441
DOI:10.3390/w13172366 This link opens in a new window
COBISS.SI-ID:75355651 This link opens in a new window
Publication date in RUL:04.10.2021
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Record is a part of a journal

Shortened title:Water
Publisher:Molecular Diversity Preservation International - MDPI
COBISS.SI-ID:36731653 This link opens in a new window


License:CC BY 4.0, Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International
Description:This is the standard Creative Commons license that gives others maximum freedom to do what they want with the work as long as they credit the author.
Licensing start date:01.09.2021

Secondary language

Keywords:sonaravne rešitve, produktivna urbana okolja, sistem za podporo odločanju, užitna mesta, urbano kmetijstvo, krožno gospodarstvo, trajnostni pristop, varovanje okolja


Funder:EC - European Commission
Funding programme:H2020
Project number:776665
Name:Edible Cities Network Integrating Edible City Solutions for social resilient and sustainably productive cities

Funder:Other - Other funder or multiple funders
Funding programme:COST
Project number:CA17133
Acronym:Circular City

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