Introduction: Figure skating is an increasingly popular sport. It is a very technically
demanding skill that includes jumping, pirouettes, steps, dancing and even acrobatics on ice.
Due to physical exertion and forces on the athlete's body, injuries often occur. Figure skating
has changed significantly in recent years, with skaters performing very demanding elements
and thus further increasing the risk of injury. Purpose: To present the most common injuries
and risk factors that occur to figure skaters. Methods: A review of the professional and
scientific literature published between 2000-2021 in the PubMed database. We searched for
the results with the keywords "figure skating" AND "injuries". Results: The most injured
parts of the body were the ankle, foot and knee. The most common injury was an ankle
sprain, followed by contusions and fractures. Acute injuries are more common in pair skaters
and synchronized skaters, and overuse injuries in independent disciplines. The age of the
figure skater and an inadequate skating shoe have proven to be a risk factor for injury.
Discussion and conclusion: Figure skating is a sport in which injuries are common. Most
of these are of the lighter type, where athletes can return to the training process fairly quickly.
The most common injuries are to the ankle and foot, most common injury is a sprain. Risk
factors that affect the occurrence of injuries are the age and weight of the skater and an
inadequate skating shoe. Research should be carried out in the field of skating shoes,
covering all brands of manufacturers.