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Poškodbe in dejavniki tveganja za poškodbe pri umetnostnem drsanju - pregled literature : diplomsko delo
Kraigher, Manja (Author), Vauhnik, Renata (Mentor) More about this mentor... This link opens in a new window, Jakovljević, Miroljub (Reviewer)

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Abstract
Uvod: Umetnostno drsanje je vse bolj popularen šport. Je zelo tehnično zahtevna spretnost, ki vključuje skoke, piruete, korake, ples in celo akrobacije na ledu. Zaradi telesnih naporov in sil na telo športnika velikokrat pride do poškodb. Umetnostno drsanje se je v preteklih letih bistveno spremenilo, drsalci izvajajo zelo zahtevne elemente in s tem še dodatno povečujejo tveganje za nastanek poškodb. Namen: Predstaviti najpogostejše poškodbe in dejavnike tveganja za njihovo pojavnost, ki se pojavljajo pri umetnostnih drsalcih vseh disciplin. Metode dela: Pregled strokovne in znanstvene literature, objavljene med letoma 2000 in 2021 v podatkovni zbirki PubMed. Rezultate smo iskali s ključnimi besedami »figure skating« AND »injuries«. Rezultati: Najbolj poškodovani deli telesa so gleženj, stopalo in koleno. Najpogostejša poškodba je zvin, temu sledijo kontuzije in zlomi. Pri drsalcih v paru in sinhronih drsalcih so pogostejše akutne poškodbe, pri drsalcih posameznikih pa preobremenitvene. Starost umetnostnega drsalca in neustrezen drsalni čevelj sta se izkazala kot dejavnika tveganja za pojavnost poškodb. Razprava in zaključek: Umetnostno drsanje je šport, pri katerem so poškodbe pogoste. Večina teh je lažjega tipa, pri katerih se tekmovalci dokaj hitro lahko vrnejo v trenažni proces. Najpogosteje sta poškodovana gleženj in stopalo, najpogostejša poškodba je zvin gležnja. Dejavniki tveganja, ki vplivajo na nastanek poškodb, so starost in telesna masa drsalca ter neustrezen drsalni čevelj.

Language:Slovenian
Keywords:diplomska dela, fizioterapija, umetnostno drsanje, poškodbe, dejavniki tveganja, gležnji, starost, drsalni čevlji
Work type:Bachelor thesis/paper (mb11)
Tipology:2.11 - Undergraduate Thesis
Organization:ZF - University College of Health Studies
Year:2021
Publisher:[M. Kraigher]
Number of pages:23 str.
Place:Ljubljana
UDC:615.8
COBISS.SI-ID:78301955 This link opens in a new window
Views:78
Downloads:24
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Secondary language

Language:English
Title:Injuries and risk factors for injuries in figure skating - literature review : diploma work
Abstract:
Introduction: Figure skating is an increasingly popular sport. It is a very technically demanding skill that includes jumping, pirouettes, steps, dancing and even acrobatics on ice. Due to physical exertion and forces on the athlete's body, injuries often occur. Figure skating has changed significantly in recent years, with skaters performing very demanding elements and thus further increasing the risk of injury. Purpose: To present the most common injuries and risk factors that occur to figure skaters. Methods: A review of the professional and scientific literature published between 2000-2021 in the PubMed database. We searched for the results with the keywords "figure skating" AND "injuries". Results: The most injured parts of the body were the ankle, foot and knee. The most common injury was an ankle sprain, followed by contusions and fractures. Acute injuries are more common in pair skaters and synchronized skaters, and overuse injuries in independent disciplines. The age of the figure skater and an inadequate skating shoe have proven to be a risk factor for injury. Discussion and conclusion: Figure skating is a sport in which injuries are common. Most of these are of the lighter type, where athletes can return to the training process fairly quickly. The most common injuries are to the ankle and foot, most common injury is a sprain. Risk factors that affect the occurrence of injuries are the age and weight of the skater and an inadequate skating shoe. Research should be carried out in the field of skating shoes, covering all brands of manufacturers.

Keywords:diploma theses, physiotherapy, figure skating, injuries, risk factors, ankles, age, skating shoes

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