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Ocena stopnje zdravstvene pismenosti pacientov s sladkorno boleznijo vodenih v ambulanti za sladkorno bolezen : diplomsko delo
ID Mavrič, Neja (Author), ID Kvas, Andreja (Mentor) More about this mentor... This link opens in a new window, ID Farkaš-Lainščak, Jerneja (Co-mentor), ID Ovijač, Darja (Reviewer)

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Abstract
Uvod: Sladkorna bolezen je kronično stanje, pri katerem celice trebušne slinavke ne proizvajajo dovolj inzulina, oziroma pri katerem telo proizvedenega inzulina ne more učinkovito uporabiti. Ker je sladkorna bolezen zelo kompleksna, je bistvenega pomena, da je pacient s sladkorno boleznijo dobro zdravstveno pismen. Zdravstvena pismenost je pomemben predpogoj pri pacientovem prevzemanju proaktivne vloge v zvezi z zdravljenjem bolezni in življenjskim slogom ter pri srečanjih z zdravstvenimi delavci in ustanovami. Namen: Namen diplomskega dela je oceniti stopnjo zdravstvene pismenosti pacientov s sladkorno boleznijo vodenih v ambulanti za sladkorno bolezen. Metode dela: Uporabljena je bila deskriptivna metoda dela. Kot merski instrument je bil uporabljen anketni vprašalnik za ugotavljanje stopnje splošne in specifične zdravstvene pismenosti in Diabetes Numeracy test. V anketiranje je bilo vključenih 72 pacientov s sladkorno boleznijo, ki so vodeni v ambulanti za sladkorno bolezen. Rezultati: Raziskava je pokazala, da je splošna zdravstvena pismenost anketirancev dobra/zadostna, saj je bila povprečna vrednost vseh trditev ocenjena s 3,2. Najmanj težav je anketirancem povzročalo razumevanje navodil zdravnika ali farmacevta glede jemanja predpisanih zdravil. Prav tako se je tudi ocena stopnja specifične zdravstvene pismenosti izkazala za dobro/zadostno, saj je bil delež pravilnih odgovorov 79 %. Največ težav je anketirancem povzročalo računanje števila lističev za merjenje krvnega sladkorja za določeno časovno obdobje. Razprava in zaključek: Iz rezultatov raziskave lahko povzamemo, da se je stopnja tako splošne kot tudi specifične zdravstvene pismenosti izkazala za dobro/zadostno. Kljub dobri/zadostni stopnji zdravstvene pismenosti je potrebno, da se pacienti zavedajo njenega pomena in jo tudi vzdržujejo. Obenem je potrebno, da pacienti poznajo posledice slabe/nezadostne zdravstvene pismenosti in da je njihov cilj doseganje čim višje stopnje zdravstvene pismenosti, saj bo možnosti za zaplete tako manj, prav tako pa bodo tudi izidi zdravljenja ugodnejši.

Language:Slovenian
Keywords:diplomska dela, zdravstvena nega, načrtovana zdravstvena vzgoja, medicinske sestre, zdravljenje, zdrav življenjski slog
Work type:Bachelor thesis/paper (mb11)
Typology:2.11 - Undergraduate Thesis
Organization:ZF - University College of Health Studies
Year:2021
Publisher:[N. Mavrič]
Number of pages:33 str., [5] str. pril.
Place:Ljubljana
UDC:616-083
COBISS.SI-ID:77700867 This link opens in a new window
Publication date in RUL:24.09.2021
Views:214
Downloads:74
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Secondary language

Language:English
Title:Assessment of health literacy rates of diabetic patients managed in a diabetic clinic : diploma work
Abstract:
Introduction: Diabetes is a chronic state of the body, where pancreatic cells cannot produce enough insulin or where the body cannot efficiently use the insulin produced. Because diabetes is a very complex disease, it is essential, that the patient with diabetes is health literate. Health literacy is an important prerequisite for taking an active role in treating the disease and an active partner when meeting health workers, physicians, or institutions. Purpose: The purpose of diploma work is to accurately assess the health literacy levels of diabetes patients conducted in diabetes clinics. Methods: In the work was used a descriptive method. As a measuring instrument, a survey was conducted to determine the level of general and specific health literacy as well as the Diabetes Numeracy test. It included 72 diabetic patients who were managed in diabetes clinics. Results: The research has shown the general health literacy of respondents is good/sufficient, with the average score of all statements being 3.2. Respondents had the least problems with understanding the doctor's or pharmacist's instructions regarding the taking of prescribed medications. Rate of specific health literacy was also proven to be good, as the proportion of correct answers was 79 %. Computing caused the most problem for the respondents, where they had to calculate the number of blood sugar test strips over a period of time. Discussion and conclusion: From the results of the research, we can conclude that the level of both general and health literacy of diabetes patients has proved to be good/sufficient. Despite the good/sufficient level of health literacy, the patients must be aware of its importance and maintain it. At the same time, the patients need to be aware of the consequences of low/ insufficient health literacy Thus, their goal is to achieve the highest possible level of health literacy, as that will reduce the chances of medical complications and the treatment outcomes will be more favorable.

Keywords:diploma theses, nursing care, planned health education, nurses, treatment, healthy lifestyle

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