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Piktogrami za tematske skupine gradiva na policah
ID Šivec, Daša (Author), ID Šauperl, Alenka (Mentor) More about this mentor... This link opens in a new window

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Abstract
Oblikovali smo piktograme za poučno gradivo knjižnice Osnovne šole heroja Janeza Hribarja Stari trg pri Ložu in knjižnice podružnične Osnovne šole Iga vas. Namen piktogramov je uporabnikom olajšati iskanje gradiva na policah. Preverili smo tudi njihovo uporabnost. Piktograme smo oblikovali glede na potrebe v posameznih knjižnicah. Pri oblikovanju smo se držali le nekaterih napotkov iz pregledane literature, saj splošnih smernic ni. Analizo uporabnosti smo opravili na vzorcu šestintridesetih uporabnikov; to so bili učenci Osnovne šole Heroja Janeza Hribarja Stari trg pri Ložu. Pripravili smo preverjanje uporabnosti, kjer so se preizkusili v iskanju s pomočjo novih oznak. Njihovo uporabnost smo nato ugotavljali z anketnimi vprašalniki. Določili smo šestinpetdeset podskupin Univerzalne decimalne klasifikacije, za katere smo oblikovali piktograme. Ugotovili smo, da je pri oblikovanju piktogramov potrebno dobro poznavanje zbirke in uporabnikov knjižnice ter da je to proces, ki zahteva veliko načrtovanja. Uporabnikom in gradivu moramo za optimalno uporabnost prilagoditi tudi motive piktogramov. Ugotovili smo, da smo dosegli osrednji cilj naloge – oblikovali smo ustrezne piktograme, ki glede na ugotovitve uporabnikom pomagajo pri iskanju gradiva. Kljub temu da bi bilo težko oblikovati univerzalne piktograme, so lahko naše ugotovitve uporabne kot napotki za njihovo oblikovanje. V nalogi predstavljeni piktogrami, ki smo jih izdelali, so lahko uporabni kot osnutek ali ideja za oblikovanje podobnih slikovnih oznak gradiva v knjižnicah.

Language:Slovenian
Keywords:piktogrami, šolske knjižnice, poučno gradivo, Univerzalna decimalna klasifikacija, iskanje gradiva
Work type:Bachelor thesis/paper (mb11)
Organization:FF - Faculty of Arts
Year:2021
COBISS.SI-ID:80520963 This link opens in a new window
Publication date in RUL:23.09.2021
Views:171
Downloads:54
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Secondary language

Language:English
Title:Pictograms for thematic groups of library materials on bookshelves
Abstract:
We designed pictograms for the non-fiction books in the Elementary school Heroja Janeza Hribarja Stari trg pri Ložu and the library of the subsidiary Elementary school Iga vas. The purpose of pictograms is to make searching materials on the bookshelves easier for library users. We also checked their usability. Pictograms were designed based on the needs of the individual library. We only followed some guidelines from the reviewed literature because there are no general guidelines for designing pictograms. The usability analysis was performed on a sample of thirty-six users who were students of the Elementary school Heroja Janeza Hribarja Stari trg pri Ložu. We made a usability test where they tested themselves in searching library materials using new bookshelf marks. After that, we determined their usability with survey questionnaires. We determined fifty-six subgroups of the Universal Decimal Classification, for which we designed pictograms. We found out that designing pictograms requires a good knowledge of the book collection and library users, and that this is a process that requires a lot of planning. For optimal usability of pictograms, we must also adapt the motifs to the users and library materials. We found out that we achieved the central goal of the task, so we designed appropriate pictograms that help library users searching materials, according to the findings. Although it would be difficult to design universal pictograms, our findings may be useful as a guide for designing pictograms. The pictograms presented in the graduation thesis that we created can be useful as a draft or idea for designing similar pictorial marks of library materials.

Keywords:pictograms, school libraries, non-fiction books, Universal Decimal Classification, materials searching

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