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Notranja obveščevalna dejavnost v demokratičnih družbah in slovenski vidik : diplomsko delo
Čakarmiš, Jakob (Author), Prezelj, Iztok (Mentor) More about this mentor... This link opens in a new window

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Abstract
Notranja obveščevalna dejavnost meri na proaktivno in zgodnje odkrivanje notranjih groženj prek pridobivanja informacij z uporabo različnih invazivnih metod, ki pogosto nasprotujejo demokratičnim normam in pravicam. Ključna dilema je iskanje ravnotežja med zagotavljanem varnosti in ohranjanjem pravice do zasebnosti kot ene temeljnih vrednot v demokracijah. Naloga bo najprej orisala družbeno-politična pričakovanja do obveščevalno-varnostnih organov v demokratičnih družbah prek predstavitve zasebnosti kot pravice, konstruktivistične teorije in teorije sekuritizacije (ki razlagata oblikovanje notranjih groženj in njihove percepcije v javnosti) ter družbenih pričakovanj nadzora nad tovrstnimi službami. Nato bo sledila aplikacija ugotovljenega na slovenski sistem, kjer bo naloga razdelala notranje grožnje, ki jih prepoznavajo vladni strateški dokumenti, ter jih primerjala z njihovo percepcijo ogroženosti v javnosti. Sledil bo pregled pooblastil obveščevalno-varnostnih služb za spopadanje s prej odkritimi grožnjami, s katerim bo naloga ugotovila, da obstaja določena vrzel v pooblastilih glede na prepoznane in realne grožnje. Pri tem bo naloga tudi dokazala, da glede na pomanjkanje političnega interesa za spremembo tega dejstva in nizko percepcijo ogroženosti javnosti ne obstaja družbeni imperativ, ki bi veleval, da se vrzel v pooblastilih zakrpa. Naloga bo oplemenitena s praktičnimi izkušnjami dolgoletnega kriminalista in bivšega direktorja Slovenske obveščevalno-varnostne agencije Andreja Rupnika, ki se je skozi celotno kariero spopadal z notranjimi grožnjami nacionalne varnosti Republike Slovenije.

Language:Slovenian
Keywords:Notranja obveščevalna dejavnost, demokracija, zasebnost, konstruktivizem, sekuritizacija, Slovenska obveščevalno-varnostna agencija, Kriminalistična policija, pooblastila.
Work type:Bachelor thesis/paper (mb11)
Tipology:2.11 - Undergraduate Thesis
Organization:FDV - Faculty of Social Sciences
Year:2021
Publisher:[J. Čakarmiš]
Number of pages:52 str.
Place:Ljubljana
UDC:355.40(497.4)(043.2)
COBISS.SI-ID:84900355 This link opens in a new window
Views:66
Downloads:22
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Secondary language

Language:English
Title:Domestic intelligence in democratic societies and the case of Slovenia
Abstract:
Domestic intelligence aims to achieve a proactive and early detection of domestic threats by obtaining information through the use of different invasive methods that are often in contradiction with the democratic norms and rights. The key issue is finding a balance between ensuring security while maintaining privacy, which is one of the fundamental values in democracies. Firstly, the dissertation will present the expectations of democratic societies towards intelligence and security agencies through the presentation of privacy as a right, domestic threat genesis and public perception (using the findings of constructivism and securitization theories), and public expectations towards control over those services. The dissertation will then apply the theoretical framework to the case of the Slovenian system by presenting domestic threats, recognised in the government strategic documents, and their perception by the Slovenian public. The discovered threats will then be compared to the discretionary powers of the intelligence and security agencies. This will in turn reveal a certain gap in executive powers as they relate to the recognised threats. The thesis will also aim to prove that there is no societal imperative to eliminate the above-mentioned gap due to the lack of political interest and a negligible public perception of threat. The dissertation will be augmented by real-life experience provided by Andrej Rupnik, former Criminal Police Officer and former director of the Slovene Intelligence and Security Agency, who throughout his entire career fought against domestic threats to national security of the Republic of Slovenia.

Keywords:Domestic intelligence, democracy, privacy, constructivism, securitization, Slovene Intelligence and Security Agency, Criminal Police, authorization.

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