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Integrated high resolution digital color light sensor in 130 nm CMOS technology
Strle, Drago (Author), Nahtigal, Uroš (Author), Batistell, Graciele (Author), Zhang, Vincent Chi (Author), Ofner, Erwin (Author), Fant, Andrea (Author), Sturm, Johannes (Author)

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Abstract
This article presents a color light detection system integrated in 130 nm CMOS technology. The sensors and corresponding electronics detect light in a CIE XYZ color luminosity space using on-chip integrated sensors without any additional process steps, high-resolution analog-to-digital converter, and dedicated DSP algorithm. The sensor consists of a set of laterally arranged integrated photodiodes that are partly covered by metal, where color separation between the photodiodes is achieved by lateral carrier diffusion together with wavelength-dependent absorption. A high resolution, hybrid, ∑∆ ADC converts each photo diode’s current into a 22-bit digital result, canceling the dark current of the photo diodes. The digital results are further processed by the DSP, which calculates normalized XYZ or RGB color and intensity parameters using linear transformations of the three photo diode responses by multiplication of the data with a transformation matrix, where the coefficients are extracted by training in combination with a pseudo-inverse operation and the least-mean square approximation. The sensor system detects the color light parameters with 22-bit accuracy, consumes less than 60 μA on average at 10 readings per second, and occupies approx. 0.8 mm$^2$ of silicon area (including three photodiodes and the analog part of the ADC). The DSP is currently implemented on FPGA.

Language:English
Keywords:color light detection, high-resolution photo current measurements, measurements of light in CIE XYZ color luminosity space, RGB color sensor, CMOS-integrated color light sensor system, color signal processing
Work type:Article (dk_c)
Tipology:1.01 - Original Scientific Article
Organization:FE - Faculty of Electrical Engineering
Year:2015
Number of pages:Str. 17786-17807
Numbering:Vol. 15, iss. 7
UDC:681.5:535-2
ISSN on article:1424-8220
DOI:10.3390/s150717786 This link opens in a new window
COBISS.SI-ID:11077972 This link opens in a new window
Views:69
Downloads:19
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Record is a part of a journal

Title:Sensors
Shortened title:Sensors
Publisher:MDPI
ISSN:1424-8220
COBISS.SI-ID:10176278 This link opens in a new window

Document is financed by a project

Funder:Drugi - Drug financer ali več financerjev
Funding Programme:FFG (FIT-IT)
Acronym:COSMOS

Licences

License:CC BY 4.0, Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International
Link:http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
Description:This is the standard Creative Commons license that gives others maximum freedom to do what they want with the work as long as they credit the author.
Licensing start date:22.07.2015

Secondary language

Language:Slovenian
Keywords:zaznavanje barvne svetlobe, visokoločljivo merjenje foto toka, meritev spektra svetlobe v svetlobnem prostoru CIE XYZ, RGB barvni senzor svetlobe

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