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Raznolikost genskih virov grahorja (Lathyrus sp.)
ID Nolde Drev, Žiga (Author), ID Meglič, Vladimir (Mentor) More about this mentor... This link opens in a new window, ID Sinkovič, Lovro (Co-mentor)

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Abstract
Grahor (Lathyrus sp.) je manj znan rod stročnic, ki sodi v družino metuljnic. Najbolj razširjen predstavnik je navadni grahor (Lathyrus sativus L.), ki ga odlikujejo visoka vsebnost proteinov v semenih. Navadni grahor je odporen na neugodne okoljske pogoje kot so suša, visoka vlažnost in slanost, ter škodljivce in bolezni, ki pestijo druge kulturne rastline. Semena navadnega grahorja se uporabljajo predvsem za krmo živali, v nekaterih predelih sveta pa tudi za prehrano ljudi. Ker pa vsebujejo semena te rastline toksično aminokislino β-ODAP, ki lahko ob pogostem uživanju povzroča hudo živčno obolenje, je grahor do sedaj relativno slabo raziskana vrsta. V diplomski nalogi smo skušali proučiti morfološko in genetsko raznolikost genskih virov navadnega grahorja. Ugotovil smo, da so morfološke značilnosti grahorja dobro raziskane, manj pa njegova genetska raznolikost. Šele v zadnjih letih se pojavljajo študije, ki se ukvarjajo z genetskimi in molekularnimi markerji, ki omogočajo hitrejšo in učinkovitejšo selekcijo rastlin navadnega grahorja. V okviru praktičnega dela smo na podlagi različnih morfoloških deskriptorjev za semena (npr. dolžina in širina semen, masa 100-semen, barva in vzorec na plašča) ocenjevali raznolikost genskih virov grahorja iz južne in jugovzhodne Evrope. Rezultati so pokazali, da je raznolikost na tem območju v primerjavi z drugimi raziskavami manjša. Pridobljene informacije bodo osnova za opis preučevanih genskih virov navadnega grahorja in uporabni v nadaljnjih raziskavah ter programih žlahtnjenja.

Language:Slovenian
Keywords:grahor, rastlinski genski viri, Lathyrus sp., deskriptor, morfološka raznolikost, genetske analize, akcesija
Work type:Bachelor thesis/paper (mb11)
Typology:2.11 - Undergraduate Thesis
Organization:BF - Biotechnical Faculty
Year:2021
Publisher:[Ž. Nolde Drev]
Place:Ljubljana
PID:20.500.12556/RUL-130175 This link opens in a new window
UDC:582.736.310:601.4:575.22:581.4(043.2)
COBISS.SI-ID:76590595 This link opens in a new window
Publication date in RUL:11.09.2021
Views:340
Downloads:34
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Secondary language

Language:English
Title:Variability of grass pea (Lathyrus spp.) genetic resources
Abstract:
Grass pea (Lathyrus spp.) is a less known genus of legumes, that belongs to the Fabaceae family. The most widespread member is common grass pea (Lathyrus sativus L.), which is characterized by high protein content in the seed. Grass pea is tolerant to several traits, such as drought resistance, high humidity and salinity resistance, and many common pests and diseases that affect other crops. The grass pea seeds are mainly used as animal feed, and in some parts of the world also for human consumption. However, because the seeds of this plant contain a toxic amino acid known as β-ODAP, which causes a severe neurological disease if consumed frequently in high quantities, grass pea has so far been a less researched species. Within the bachelor's thesis, the morphological and genetic variability of grass pea genetic resources were studied. The morphological properties of grass pea are much more researched than its genetic variability. Over recent years more studies regarding genetic and molecular markers that allow faster, and more efficient selection of grass pea plants have been implemented. As part of the bachelor's thesis’ practical work, morphological seed diversity of pea genetic resources from the south and south-eastern Europe was measured. Several morphological descriptors for seeds (e.g., seed length and width, 100-seed weight, colour and pattern of seed coat) were used. The obtained information will be the basis for the description of the studied grass pea genetic resources and useful in further research studies and breeding programs.

Keywords:grass pea, plant genetic resources, Lathyrus spp., descriptor, morphological diversity, genetic analysis, accession

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