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Združene države Amerike: nastanek republike : nastanek republike
Nemeček, Tim (Author), Lukšič, Igor (Mentor) More about this mentor... This link opens in a new window

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Abstract
V četrt stoletja se je trinajst sprtih kolonij spremenilo v federativno republiko. Kolonijam v Ameriki so Angleži naložili visoke davke, da bi prek tega lahko pokrili dolgove, ki jih je Anglija pridelala v vojni s Francozi za Kanado. Izziv britanskega obdavčenja je sprožil Američane pri iskanju ustavnih načel, da bi zaščitili svoje interese. Zadnja četrtina osemnajstega stoletja ostaja najbolj politično ustvarjalno obdobje v ameriški zgodovini, saj se je predana in odločna skupina lotila pogumnega eksperimenta v političnih idealih. Bil je čas zmagoslavja, pa tudi čas tragedij - vsi so prispevali k oblikovanju nove federalne republike. V resnici je bila revolucija evolucija, ki jo je prinesla skupina izrednih ljudi (ne pa en sam posameznik), in ti dejavniki jo ločijo od bolj nasilnih revolucij drugih držav. Dejansko je bil postopni značaj ameriške revolucije ključni dejavnik njenega trajnega uspeha. Ustanovitelji (zlasti Washington, Jefferson, Madison, Adams in Hamilton) niso bili enotnega mišljenja, vendar so ustvarili okvir za razpravo in reševanje državljanskih vprašanj, ki je bil tedaj najbolj drzen in najuspešnejši politični eksperiment. Ustava ni bila oblikovana tako, da bi ves čas odgovarjala na politične zadeve, temveč je bila zasnovana kot okvir, znotraj katerega prihodnje generacije lahko rešujejo politične konflikte in usklajujejo ideje. V magistrskem delu sem se osredotočil na politični razvoj Združenih držav Amerike in izpostavil, opredelil in opisal ključne dogodke ter konflikte, ki so vplivali na razvoj federalne republike.

Language:Slovenian
Keywords:ustanovni očetje, federacija, konfederacija, ustava, republika
Work type:Master's thesis/paper (mb22)
Tipology:2.09 - Master's Thesis
Organization:FDV - Faculty of Social Sciences
Year:2021
Publisher:[T. Nemeček]
Number of pages:61 str.
Place:Ljubljana
UDC:316.334.3:321(043.2)
COBISS.SI-ID:78731779 This link opens in a new window
Views:89
Downloads:13
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Secondary language

Language:English
Title:The United States of America: the Formation of the Republic : magistrsko delo
Abstract:
In the fourth century, thirteen conflicting colonies were transformed into a federal republic. To the colonies in America, the British imposed high taxes so that through this they could cover the debts which England had incurred in the war with the French for Canada. The challenge of British taxation has triggered Americans in their search for constitutional principles to protect their interests. The last quarter of the eighteenth century remains the best political creative period in American history, as she devoted herself in a determined group to embarking on a courageous experiment in political ideas. It was a time of victory, but also a time of tragedy - they all contributed to the formation of a new federal republic. In fact, it was a revolution of evolution brought about by a group of extraordinary people (rather than a single individual), and these factors separate it from the more violent revolutions of other countries. Indeed, the gradual significance of the American Revolution was a key factor in its lasting success. The founders (especially Washington, Jefferson, Madison, Adams in Hamilton) were not unanimous, but thus created a framework for discussing and resolving civic issues that was then the best in the most successful political experiments. The constitution was not designed to respond to political issues, but was designed as a framework, and in the future generation, political conflicts can be resolved and ideas harmonized. In my master’s thesis, I focused on the political development of the United States and highlighted, identified in descriptive key events and conflicts that affected the development of the Federal Republic.

Keywords:Founding Fathers, Federation, Confederation, Constitution, Republic

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