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RANS versus scale resolved approach for modeling turbulent flow in continuous casting of steel
Gregorc, Jurij (Author), Kunavar, Ajda (Author), Šarler, Božidar (Author)

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Abstract
Numerical modeling is the approach used most often for studying and optimizing the molten steel flow in a continuous casting mold. The selection of the physical model might very much influence such studies. Hence, it is paramount to choose a proper model. In this work, the numerical results of four turbulence models are compared to the experimental results of the water model of continuous casting of steel billets using a single SEN port in a downward vertical orientation. Experimental results were obtained with a 2D PIV (Particle Image Velocimetry) system with measurements taken at various cut planes. Only hydrodynamic effects without solidification are considered. The turbulence is modeled using the RANS (Realizable k-(epsilon), SST k-(omega)), hybrid RANS/Scale Resolved (SAS), and Scale Resolved approach (LES). The models are numerically solved by the finite volume method, with volume of fluid treatment at the free interface. The geometry, boundary conditions, and material properties were entirely consistent with those of the water model experimental study. Thus, the study allowed a detailed comparison and validation of the turbulence models used. The numerical predictions are compared to experimental data using contours of velocity and velocity plots. The agreement is assessed by comparing the lateral dispersion of the liquid jet in a streamwise direction for the core flow and the secondary flow behavior where recirculation zones form. The comparison of the simulations shows that while all four models capture general flow features (e.g., mean velocities in the temporal and spatial domain), only the LES model predicts finer turbulent structures and captures temporal flow fluctuations to the extent observed in the experiment, while SAS bridges the gap between RANS and LES.

Language:English
Keywords:continuous casting of steel, billet, water model experiment, particle image velocimetry, computational fluid dynamics, turbulence modeling, Reynolds averaged Navier-Stokes equations, large eddy simulation, validation
Work type:Article (dk_c)
Tipology:1.01 - Original Scientific Article
Organization:FS - Faculty of Mechanical Engineering
Year:2021
Number of pages:Str. 1-12
Numbering:Vol. 11, iss. 7, art. 1140
UDC:621.746:532:004.94
ISSN on article:2075-4701
DOI:10.3390/met11071140 This link opens in a new window
COBISS.SI-ID:70786051 This link opens in a new window
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Downloads:39
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Record is a part of a journal

Title:Metals
Shortened title:Metals
Publisher:MDPI
ISSN:2075-4701
COBISS.SI-ID:15976214 This link opens in a new window

Document is financed by a project

Funder:ARRS - Agencija za raziskovalno dejavnost Republike Slovenije (ARRS)
Project no.:P2-0162
Name:Tranzientni dvofazni tokovi

Funder:ARRS - Agencija za raziskovalno dejavnost Republike Slovenije (ARRS)
Project no.:L2-9246
Name:Večfizikalno in večnivojsko numerično modeliranje za konkurenčno kontinuirno ulivanje

Licences

License:CC BY 4.0, Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International
Link:http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
Description:This is the standard Creative Commons license that gives others maximum freedom to do what they want with the work as long as they credit the author.
Licensing start date:19.07.2021

Secondary language

Language:Slovenian
Keywords:kontinuirno ulivanje jekla, gredica, eksperiment z vodnim modelom, meritve hitrosti s slikanjem delcev, računalniška dinamika tekočin, modeliranje turbulence, Reynoldsovo povprečene Navier-Stokesove enačbe, simulacija velikih vrtincev, validacija

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