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Sedanje življenje spolno zlorabljenih žensk med vojno v Bosni in Hercegovini in njihove strategije preživetja : magistrsko delo
Salmič Zajec, Inge (Author), Repič Slavič, Tanja (Mentor) More about this mentor... This link opens in a new window

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Abstract
Najbolj kruta značilnost vojne so vojna posilstva in spolne zlorabe. Po ocenah je bilo od 20.000 do 50.000 žensk in deklet iz Bosne in Hercegovine posiljenih med vojno. Razna poročila so ugotovila, da je prišlo do posilstva na vseh straneh konflikta, daleč največ žrtev je bilo muslimanskih žensk. Veliko žensk o zlorabah še vedno molči, saj to za sabo prinaša veliko stigmo in občutek krivde. Raziskave so pokazale, da sta tako vojna kot spolno nasilje najbolj uničujoča stresorja in vodita v največjo prevalenco posttravmatske stresne motnje. Preživeli spolnih zlorab in posilstev se ne soočajo samo s travmo zlorabe, temveč tudi z drugimi travmatičnimi dogodki in izkušnjami, ki so jih preživeli med vojno; smrt bližnjih, velik strah, izguba doma, izgon. Lahko bi rekli, da je njihova travma večslojna. Kopičenje vseh teh travmatičnih izkušenj, vključno s spolnim nasiljem in posilstvom, vodi še v bolj izrazite simptome PTSM. Osrednjo tematiko magistrskega dela predstavlja osvetlitev doživljanja lastnega življenja posiljenih žensk med vojno na območju BiH. S pomočjo fenomenološko-psihološke metode smo v pol-strukturiranih intervjujih pridobili vpogled v doživljanje žensk in njihovih strategij preživetja v letih po spolni zlorabi. V raziskavi z glavnim raziskovalnim vprašanjem »Kakšno je sedaj vaše življenje in kaj so vaše strategije preživetja?« je sodelovalo sedem udeleženk. Analiza rezultatov je pokazala, da spolna zloraba med vojno pri nobeni od udeleženk ni predelana in da vse trpijo za posttravmatsko stresno motnjo. Temu botrujejo psihološke in fizične posledice posilstva, stigma, težave v intimno-partnerskih odnosih in finančna stiska. Veliko opolnomočenje za udeleženke naše raziskave je nevladna organizacija Snaga žene, ki jim pomaga na vseh področjih življenja.

Language:Slovenian
Keywords:spolna zloraba, posilstvo, vojno posilstvo, travma, Bosna in Hercegovina, vojna
Work type:Master's thesis/paper (mb22)
Tipology:2.09 - Master's Thesis
Organization:TEOF - Theological Faculty
Year:2021
Publisher:[I. Salmič Zajec]
Number of pages:VIII, 97, III str.
Place:Ljubljana
UDC:343.541-055.2(497.6):159.9(043.2)
COBISS.SI-ID:74464003 This link opens in a new window
Views:154
Downloads:32
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Secondary language

Language:English
Title:The current lives of sexually abused women during the war in Bosnia and Herzegovina and their survival strategies
Abstract:
Rape and sexual abuse are among the cruelest features of war. It is estimated that between 20,000 and 50,000 girls and women from Bosnia and Herzegovina were raped during war. Various reports have found that rape occurred on all sides of the conflict, with by far the highest number of victims being Muslim women. Many women still remain silent about the abuse, as it carries a large stigma and guilt. Research has shown that both war and sexual violence are the most devastating stressors and lead to the highest prevalence of post-traumatic stress disorder. Survivors of sexual abuse and rape face not only the trauma of the abuse but also other traumatic events and experiences they have lived through during the war; death of loved ones, great fear, loss of home, deportation; one could say that their trauma is multi-layered. The accumulation of all these traumatic experiences, including sexual violence and rape, leads to even more pronounced symptoms of PTSD. The central theme of the master's thesis is to shed light on the experiences of raped women during the war in the B&H region. Using a phenomenological-psychological method, the author used semi-structured interviews to gain insight into women's experiences and survival strategies in the years following sexual abuse. In the study, with the main research question "What is your life like now and what are your survival strategies?" seven participants took part. Analysis of the results showed that none of the participants had processed the sexual abuse during war and that all of them suffered from post-traumatic stress disorder. This is due to the psychological and physical consequences of rape, stigma, difficulties in intimate-partner relationships and financial hardship. The NGO Snaga Wives, which helps women in all areas of their lives, offers great empowerment to the participants in our study.

Keywords:sexual abuse, rape, war rape, trauma, Bosnia and Herzegovina, war

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