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Pregled učinkov pirotehnike na domače živali
Šumič, Saša (Author), Zupan Šemrov, Manja (Mentor) More about this mentor... This link opens in a new window

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Abstract
V diplomskem delu so zajete informacije o uporabi pirotehnike. Cilj diplomskega dela je prikazati, kako živali doživljajo uporabo pirotehničnih izdelkov. Osredotočili smo se na mačke, pse, ptice in govedo. Živali imajo namreč bolj občutljiva čutila od ljudi, zato pokanje in eksplozije doživljajo veliko bolj intenzivno kot ljudje. V diplomskem delu smo opisali čutila (vid in sluh) in hormonski (endokrini) sistem pri živalih. Dodali smo tudi priporočila o tem, kako lahko živalim pomagamo v stresnem obdobju praznovanja novega leta (npr. uporaba feromonov). Ravno v tem obdobju veliko število živali pobegne in se izgubi, druge doživljajo močan stres, ki negativno vpliva na njihovo psihično in fizično stanje. Diplomsko delo smo napisali po metodi pregleda literature, z zbiranjem podatkov s pomočjo knjig, internetnih brskalnikov in strokovnih revij. Ugotovili smo, da so živali zaradi hrupa in izraženega strahu pred pirotehničnimi zvoki pod stresom, zaradi česar se jim zviša raven stresnega hormona kortizola v krvi, ki v previsokih koncentracijah lahko povzroča zdravstvene težave, kot so samopoškodovanje, padec prireje, bolezni in drugo. Trenutno so v veljavi nekatera priporočila, kako lahko zmanjšamo negativne posledice pirotehnike, in sicer z zgodnjo socializacijo živali, učenjem na neprijetne zvoke, z uporabo feromonov, uporabo širokega povoja ali traku in s prilagoditvijo okolja, ki je za živali bolj prijazno in zagotavlja udobje.

Language:Slovenian
Keywords:domače živali, pirotehnika, učinki
Work type:Bachelor thesis/paper (mb11)
Organization:BF - Biotechnical Faculty
Year:2021
COBISS.SI-ID:69995011 This link opens in a new window
Views:85
Downloads:7
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Secondary language

Language:English
Title:Review of the effects of pyrotechnics on domestic animals
Abstract:
The BSc thesis contains information about the use of pyrotechnics. The aim of the thesis was to show how it affects animals. We focused on cats, dogs, birds and cattle. Animals have more sensitive senses than humans, so they experience the bangs and explosions much more intensely. In the thesis, we described the animal senses (vision and hearing) and the hormonal (endocrine) system in animals. We also gave recommendations on how to help animals during the stressful time of New Year's Eve celebrations (e.g., use of pheromones). At this time of the year, many animals run away or get lost; some of them experience a lot of stress, which negatively affects on their psychological and physiological state. The thesis was written using a literature review method, by collecting data from books, the internet, and journals. The findings show that the animals are under great stress due to the noise and fear caused by the sound of pyrotechnics, which is why the level of cortisol in their blood increases. In very high concentrations, it can lead to health problems such as selfinjury, decreased performance, illness, and more. Currently, there are some recommendations to reduce the negative effects, such as early socialisation, desensitisation (learning to accept certain stimuli – in our case, sounds), use of pheromones, thunder shirts (wrapping the animal with a wide bandage or wrap) and adapting the environment to make it more suitable, safe and comfortable for the animal.

Keywords:domestic animals, pyrotechnics, effects

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