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Vloga medicinske sestre pri pacientu po transplantaciji ledvice : diplomsko delo
Horvat, Maruša (Author), Thaler, Darja (Mentor) More about this mentor... This link opens in a new window, Mlinar, Suzana (Reviewer)

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Abstract
Uvod: Transplantacija ledvic je najučinkovitejša metoda zdravljenje končne odpovedi ledvic. Po transplantaciji morajo pacienti spremeniti način življenja in vedenja, pri tem jih usmerjajo in vodijo medicinske sestre. Namen: Želeli smo prestaviti pomembnost medicinske sestre pri samooskrbi pacientov po transplantaciji ledvice v vsakdanjem življenju. Metode dela: V diplomskem delu je bila uporabljena deskriptivna metoda dela s sistematičnim pregledom znanstvene in strokovne literature v slovenskem in angleške m jeziku. Literatura je bila iskana s pomočjo ključnih besed, ki so se navezovale na temo diplomskega dela. Pri iskanju literature je bil uporabljen časovni okvir, in sicer od leta 2011 do leta 2021. Rezultati: V končno analizo člankov je bilo vključenih 5 raziskav. Štiri raziskave so pacientovi vidiki doživljanja in uporabljanja samooskrbe, ena raziskava pa je kako medicinske sestre razumejo pojem samooskrbo in kako jo uporabljajo v praksi. Razprava in zaključek: Pacienti navajajo, da zdravstveni delavci dajo prevelik poudarek na jemanje imunosupresivne terapije in premalo na psihosocialne probleme. Veliko jim pomeni, če so vključeni v proces, da imajo odprt odnos z zdravstvenimi delavci, kar jim da občutek sposobnosti in kompetentnosti pri reševanju problemov. Večina medicinskih sester je medicinsko usmerjena in velikokrat spregledajo psihosocialne probleme pacientov. Vloga medicinske sestre pri samooskrbi je pomembna, saj mora pacienta naučiti kako naj upravlja s svojim zdravstvenim stanjem in da se zna pravilno odzvati na določene simptome in znake. Strah pred zavrnitvijo je tako kot pri pacientih in zdravstvenih delavcih velik. Zato se vsi trudijo, da do nje ne pride oz. da pride čim kasneje.

Language:Slovenian
Keywords:diplomska dela, zdravstvena nega, transplantacija, ledvica, zdravstvena nega, samooskrba
Work type:Bachelor thesis/paper (mb11)
Tipology:2.11 - Undergraduate Thesis
Organization:ZF - University College of Health Studies
Year:2021
Publisher:[M. Horvat]
Number of pages:24 str.
Place:Ljubljana
UDC:616-083
COBISS.SI-ID:69416707 This link opens in a new window
Views:100
Downloads:28
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Secondary language

Language:English
Title:The role of nurse in a patient after kidney transplatation : diploma work
Abstract:
Introduction: Kidney transplantation is the most effective tretment for end-stage renal disease. After transplantation, patients need to change their lifestyle and behavior, they are guided by nurses. Purpose: We wanted to present the importance of nurse in the self-care of patients after kidney transplantation in everyday life. Methods: In this diploma work we used a descriptive method of work with a systematic review of scientific and professional literature in Slovene and English language. The literature was searched using keywords related to the topic of diploma. A time frame for searched literature was from 2011 to 2021. Results: 5 stuies werw included in the final analiysis. Four studies are patient aspects of experiencing and using self-care, and one study is how nurses understand the concept of self-care and how they use it practice. Discussion and conclusion: Patients report that healtcare professionals place too much emphasis of taking immunosuppressive therapy and too little on psychosocial problems. It means a lot to them if they are involved in the process to have an open relationship with healthcare professionals, which gives them a sense of ability and competence in solving problems. Most nurses are medically oriented and often overlook the psychosocial problems of patients. The role of the nurse in self-care is important. Nurse must teach patient how to manage his health condition and how to respond properly to certain symptoms and signs. Patients and healthcare professionals are afraid of rejecting a transplanted kidney, so everyone is worried that it will not happend or come as late as possible.

Keywords:diploma theses, nursing care, transplatation, kidney, nursing, self-care

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