Sediment transport can have a negative impact on riparian environments, as it can lead to the deterioration of ecological diversity and increase flood risks. Sediment transport modelling is thus a key tool in river basin management and the development of river training structures. In this study, we examined the appropriateness of 1D modelling for total sediment transport loads using the Engelund Hansen and Ackers White transport equations for the Lower Danube River. The study evaluated the effect of sediment grading on the accuracy of 1D model results, the appropriateness of 1D sediment transport modelling within technical or engineering projects, and the appropriateness of the Engelund Hansen and Ackers White equations for estimating sediment yield in the area of the Lower Danube River. The model results have been compared to field measurements, with the accuracy of the modelling results being evaluated with statistical tests. The obtained results show: (i) the sediment grading does not have a significant impact on the 1D modelling results, (ii) 1D sediment transport modelling gives sufficiently accurate results for practical engineering use (e.g. the estimation of dredging activities), and (iii) the Engelund Hansen equation is generally better for sediment transport modelling in the Lower Danube River.