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Effect of sanding and plasma treatment of 3D-printed parts on bonding to wood with PVAc adhesive
ID Kariž, Mirko (Author), ID Krapež Tomec, Daša (Author), ID Dahle, Sebastian (Author), ID Kitek Kuzman, Manja (Author), ID Šernek, Milan (Author), ID Žigon, Jure (Author)

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Abstract
Additive manufacturing is becoming increasingly important for manufacturing end products, not just prototyping. However, the size of 3D-printed products is limited due to available printer sizes and other technological limitations. For example, making furniture from 3D-printed parts and wooden elements requires adequate adhesive joints. Since materials for 3D printing usually do not bond very well with adhesives designed for woodworking, they require special surface preparation to improve adhesion. In this study, fused deposition modelling (FDM) 3D-printed parts made of polylactic acid (PLA), polylactic acid with wood flour additive (Wood-PLA), and acrylonitrile-butadiene-styrene (ABS) polymers were bonded to wood with polyvinyl acetate (PVAc) adhesive. The surfaces of the samples were bonded as either non-treated, sanded, plasma treated, or sanded and plasma treated to evaluate the effect of each surface preparation on the bondability of the 3D-printed surfaces. Different surface preparations affected the bond shear strength in different ways. The plasma treatment significantly reduced water contact angles on all tested printing materials and increased the bond tensile shear strength of the adhesive used. The increase in bond strength was highest for the surfaces that had been both sanded and plasma treated. The highest increase was found for the ABS material (untreated 0.05 MPa; sanded and plasma treated 4.83 MPa) followed by Wood-PLA (from 0.45 MPa to 3.96 MPa) and PLA (from 0.55 MPa to 3.72 MPa). Analysis with a scanning electron microscope showed the smooth surfaces of the 3D-printed parts, which became rougher with sanding with more protruded particles, but plasma treatment partially melted the surface structures on the thermoplastic polymer surfaces.

Language:English
Keywords:3D printing, adhesive bonding, plasma treatment, beech wood, PLA, ABS
Work type:Article (dk_c)
Typology:1.01 - Original Scientific Article
Organization:BF - Biotechnical Faculty
Year:2021
Publication status in journal:Published
Article version:Publisher's version of article
Number of pages:16 str.
Numbering:Vol. 13, iss. 8, art. 1211
PID:20.500.12556/RUL-127568 This link opens in a new window
UDC:630*83
ISSN on article:2073-4360
DOI:10.3390/polym13081211 This link opens in a new window
COBISS.SI-ID:58968835 This link opens in a new window
Publication date in RUL:15.06.2021
Views:367
Downloads:109
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Record is a part of a journal

Title:Polymers
Shortened title:Polymers
Publisher:Molecular Diversity Preservation International
ISSN:2073-4360
COBISS.SI-ID:517951257 This link opens in a new window

Licences

License:CC BY 4.0, Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International
Link:http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
Description:This is the standard Creative Commons license that gives others maximum freedom to do what they want with the work as long as they credit the author.
Licensing start date:09.04.2021

Secondary language

Language:Slovenian
Keywords:3D tiskanje, lepljenje, obdelava s plazmo, bukovina, PLA, ABS

Projects

Funder:ARRS - Agencija za raziskovalno dejavnost Republike Slovenije
Project number:P4-0015
Name:Les in lignocelulozni kompoziti

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