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Izzivi osebnega načrtovanja v domovih za stare ljudi : magistrsko delo
ID Kovač, Nina (Author), ID Videmšek, Petra (Mentor) More about this mentor... This link opens in a new window

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Abstract
V magistrskem delu sem raziskovala izzive osebnega načrtovanja v domovih za stare ljudi. V teoretičnem delu sem predstavila metodo osebnega načrtovanja, njeno zgodovino, sestavo osebnega načrta, zapisovanje osebnega načrta, osebno načrtovanje v domovih za stare ljudi in vlogo socialne delavke pri osebnem načrtovanju. V praktičnem delu sem z intervjuji raziskovala, s kakšnimi izzivi se socialne delavke srečujejo pri izvajanju metode osebnega načrtovanja v domovih za stare ljudi. Pri raziskovanju sem uporabila kvalitativno metodologijo, kot to opišejo Mesec, Rape Žiberna in Rihter (2009). Želela sem ugotoviti, kako poteka osebno načrtovanje v domovih za stare ljudi, s kakšnimi težavami se srečujejo socialne delavke, ki izvajajo osebne načrte v domovih, in kako se z njimi spoprijemajo. Zanimalo me je tudi, kakšno podporo bi socialne delavke potrebovale v zvezi z osebnim načrtovanjem in kakšna je vloga socialnega dela v domovih za stare ljudi. Rezultati so pokazali, da v večini primerov osebno načrtovanje v domovih poteka s pomočjo obrazcev in da je pri tem vloga uporabnikov majhna. Cilji stanovalcev so običajno skromni in zastavljeni znotraj doma. Socialne delavke v domovih se srečujejo z več težavami, predvsem s pomanjkanjem časa in kadra, iz česar izhajajo tudi nekatere druge težave, na primer težave pri zastavljanju in udejanjanju ciljev pri osebnem načrtovanju. Poleg tega se socialne delavke srečujejo tudi s težavami pri sodelovanju s stanovalci, predvsem s tistimi, ki imajo težave v komunikaciji, na primer stanovalci z demenco, in s težavami pri sodelovanju s svojci, kadar je to potrebno. Nekatere socialne delavke so opozorile na to, da morajo opravljati tudi delovne naloge, ki v osnovi niso naloge socialne delavke, kar jim še dodatno jemlje čas, ki bi ga lahko posvetile socialnemu delu in osebnemu načrtovanju. Dodatne zadolžitve so se v času epidemije koronavirusne bolezni Covid-19 še povečale. Vloga socialnega dela v nekaterih domovih še vedno ni povsem prepoznana, ponekod se pozna prevlada medicinskega osebja. Ugotovila sem, da je veliko težav socialnih delavk pri osebnem načrtovanju povezanih s pomanjkanjem kadra in pomanjkanjem časa za delo. Večina sogovornic bi se želela udeležiti usposabljanja na temo osebnega načrtovanja, nekatere so poudarile tudi, da bi moralo biti osebno načrtovanje obvezen predmet na Fakulteti za socialno delo, saj nekatere izmed sogovornic niso imele tega predmeta v času študija. Predvsem si sogovornice želijo dodatnega kadra, kar bi jim omogočilo, da bi lahko več časa posvetile stanovalcem. Hkrati sem ugotovila, da bi ustanovitev gerontoloških centrov ali regijskih vstopnih točk za prosilce za dom razbremenila socialne delavke dela z vlogami za dom.

Language:Slovenian
Keywords:individualizacija oskrbe, socialno delo, osebni načrt
Work type:Master's thesis/paper (mb22)
Typology:2.09 - Master's Thesis
Organization:FSD - Faculty of Social Work
Year:2021
Publisher:[N. Kovač]
Number of pages:1 spletni vir (1 datoteka PDF (70 str.))
Place:Ljubljana
UDC:364.65-053.9
COBISS.SI-ID:73063171 This link opens in a new window
Publication date in RUL:11.06.2021
Views:196
Downloads:19
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Secondary language

Language:English
Title:The challenges of personal planning in residential care homes
Abstract:
In this master's thesis, I studied challenges of personal planning in nursery homes. In the theoretical part, I presented the method of personal planning, its development through history, the formulation of a personal plan, personal planning in nursery homes, and the role of a social worker in personal planning. In the empirical part, I conducted interviews to study what challenges social workers face when adopting the method of personal planning in nursery homes. When examining the topic, I used the qualitative method, as described by Mesec, Rape Žiberna, and Rihter (2009). I wanted to determine how personal planning is conducted in nursery homes, what problems social workers face when implementing personal plans in nursery homes, and how they face this challenge. I also sought to find out what type of support social workers would require in relation to personal planning and what the role of social work is in nursery homes. The results showed that, in most of the cases, personal planning in nursery homes is conducted by filling in forms and that the role of users is insignificant. The goals of residents are normally modest and set within their nursery home. Social workers working in nursery homes face many problems, especially the lack of time and staff, from where stem some other difficulties, such as problems with setting and realising goals connected to personal planning. In addition, social workers face many difficulties when it comes to cooperating with residents, especially those who have problems with communication—for instance, residents with dementia—and problems related to the cooperation with relatives when necessary. Some social workers also pointed out that they have to perform tasks that are not essentially in scope of their work as social workers, which additionally takes a lot of their time that they could otherwise devote to social work and personal planning. During the COVID-19 crisis, they had to undertake even more tasks. The role of social work is still not fully recognised in some nursery homes, and in some, the role of medical staff prevails. I determined that many problems of social workers related to personal planning are connected with the lack of staff and the lack of time for work. Most of the respondents would want to take part in training related to personal planning, and some also pointed out that personal planning should be a mandatory subject on the Faculty of Social Work, as some of the respondents could not attend such subject while studying. Most of all, the respondents feel the need for additional staff, as this way they could devote more time to residents. I also determined that the establishment of centres for gerontology or regional entry points for applicants for nursery homes would disburden social workers in terms of managing application forms.

Keywords:care individualisation, social work, personal plan

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