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Prisotnost strahu in tesnobe pri pacientih pred načrtovanim operativnim posegom na očeh in vloga medicinske sestre : diplomsko delo
Urankar, Katja (Author), Ravljen, Mirjam (Mentor) More about this mentor... This link opens in a new window, Kavčič, Tina (Reviewer)

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Abstract
Uvod: Operativni poseg za paciente predstavlja težko situacijo, ki vpliva na njihovo duševno stanje. Običajno pacienti v tem obdobju doživljajo strah in tesnobo, ki pa se pri vsakem posamezniku kaže drugače. Namen: Namen diplomske naloge je bil opisati strah in tesnobo, ki ju pacienti doživljajo pred operativnim posegom na očeh, ugotoviti glavne vzroke zanju ter poudariti vlogo medicinskih sester pri psihični pripravi pacienta na operacijo. Metode dela: V teoretičnem delu diplomske naloge smo s pomočjo spletnih iskalnikov DiKUL, PubMED in CINAHL naredili pregled domače in tuje znanstvene literature, ki ni bila starejša od 10 let. V empiričnem delu smo uporabili anketni vprašalnik, v katerem so bila vprašanja o prisotnosti strahu med pacienti, ki čakajo na operativni poseg na očesu, ter o psihični pripravi pacientov s strani zdravstvenih delavcev. Anketni vprašalnik so izpolnili pacienti, ki so bili v času anketiranja operirani v Očesnem kirurškem centru dr. Pfeifer. Anketiranje je potekalo v obdobju od 8. 6. 2020 do 16. 6. 2020. Rezultati: Anketni vprašalnik je izpolnilo 80 anketirancev, od tega 37 moških in 43 žensk. Iz rezultatov raziskave lahko ugotovimo, da več kot polovica anketirancev pred operativnim posegom občuti strah, ne glede na to, ali je že v preteklosti imela operativni poseg ali ne. Rezultati nam pokažejo, da največ anketirancev pred operativnim posegom občuti strah pred bolečino. Večina anketirancev ocenjuje, da je pred operativnim posegom prejela dovolj informacij, kar je tudi eden izmed glavnih načinov, ki pomagajo pri zmanjšanju strahu pred operativnim posegom. Razprava in zaključek: Ustrezna psihična priprava pacienta pred operativnim posegom je ključnega pomena pri zmanjšanju strahu in tesnobe pred posegom. Pri tem ima veliko vlogo prav medicinska sestra, ki s pacientom preživi največ časa. Predvsem dobra komunikacija in profesionalen odnos med pacientom in medicinsko sestro sta pomembna za izvajanje kakovostne zdravstvene nege.

Language:Slovenian
Keywords:diplomska dela, zdravstvena nega, predoperativno obdobje, psihična priprava, terapevtska komunikacija
Work type:Bachelor thesis/paper (mb11)
Tipology:2.11 - Undergraduate Thesis
Organization:ZF - University College of Health Studies
Year:2021
Publisher:[K. Urankar]
Number of pages:35 str., [7] str. pril.
Place:Ljubljana
UDC:616-083
COBISS.SI-ID:63692035 This link opens in a new window
Views:221
Downloads:61
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Secondary language

Language:English
Title:The presence of fear and anxiety in patients before the planned eye surgery and the role of the nurse : diploma work
Abstract:
Introduction: Surgery represents a challenging situation that affects the patient's mental state. Even though it may be perceived differently by each individual, it is common for patients to experience fear and anxiety. Purpose: Thesis describes the fear and anxiety that patients experience before eye surgery, it tries to determine the main reasons for it and explains the importance of the nurse’s comprehensive preparation of the patient, to successfully recognize and eliminate the fear. Methods: DiKUL, PubMED and CINAHL search engines were used for the theoretical part of the thesis, where I reviewed the domestic and foreign scientific literature, not older than 10 years. In the empirical part of the thesis, I used a questionnaire with questions about the presence of fear among patients waiting for surgery and psychological preparation of patients by health professionals. The questionnaire was completed by patients who underwent surgery at the Eye Surgery Center dr. Pfeifer at the time of the survey. The survey was conducted in the period from 8th to 16th of June 2020. Results: 80 respondents completed the questionnaire, of which 37 were men and 43 were women. From the results of the research, we can see that more than half of the respondents felt fear before the surgery, regardless of whether they have had surgery in the past or not. The results show that most respondents feel fear of pain before surgery. Most respondents believe that they received enough information before surgery, which is also one of the main ways of how to reduce the fear of the surgery. Discussion and conclusion: Proper mental preparation of the patient before surgery is crucial in reducing fear and anxiety before surgery. The nurse which spends the most time with the patient, plays a big role in the mental preparation. Above all, good communication and professional relationship between the patient and the nurse, are the most important factors to achieve a quality nursing care.

Keywords:diploma theses, nursing care, preoperative period, mental preparation, therapeutic communication

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