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Učinek gibalnih aktivnosti pri starejših osebah : diplomsko delo
Plut, Karmen (Author), Gričar, Nevenka (Mentor) More about this mentor... This link opens in a new window, Oven, Alenka (Reviewer)

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Abstract
Uvod: Svetovna populacija se stara, življenjska doba se podaljšuje in s tem se povečuje število starejših oseb. Pričakuje se, da se bo povečalo tudi število starejših oseb, ki imajo razne bolezni in težave, tako na motoričnem, kognitivnem kot socialno-interakcijskem področju. Z izvajanjem gibalnih aktivnosti želimo vplivati na fizične, kognitivne, socialno-interakcijske in čustvene primanjkljaje starejše osebe in prispevati k izboljšanju izvajanja dnevnih aktivnosti in večji samostojnosti. Namen: Raziskati, kako gibalne aktivnosti vplivajo na motorične, procesne in socialno-interakcijske spretnosti pri starejših osebah, prikazati vlogo delovnega terapevta pri izvajanju gibalnih aktivnosti in ugotoviti, katera znanja in veščine potrebuje delovni terapevt. Metode dela: Uporabljen je bil pregled strokovne in znanstvene literature. Iskanje literature je bilo opravljeno prek iskalnika po podatkovnih bazah Digitalne knjižnice univerze v Ljubljani (DiKUL) in po različnih posameznih podatkovnih bazah: PubMed, PubMed Central (PMC), OTseeker, ScienceDirect. Iskanje je potekalo z različnimi kombinacijami ključnih besed (gibalne aktivnosti, starejše osebe, delovna terapija) v slovenskem in angleškem jeziku. V analizo so bili vključeni članki, napisani v slovenskem ali angleškem jeziku, v polnem besedilu, objavljenimi med letoma 2000 in 2020, kjer so bile vključene osebe, starejše od 65 let. Rezultati: V končno analizo je bilo vključenih 9 člankov, med njimi so bili 4 pregledi literature, 4 randomizirane kontrolne raziskave in 1 raziskava izvedljivosti programa. V vseh raziskavah so bile vključene osebe, starejše od 65 let, od tega so 3 raziskave vključevale osebe z demenco, 2 raziskavi osebe z Alzheimerjevo boleznijo, 4 raziskave osebe, ki živijo v domovih starejših občanov. Razprava in zaključek: Izvajanje različnih gibalnih aktivnosti pri starejših osebah pozitivno učinkuje na izvajanje vsakodnevnih aktivnosti, socialno interakcijo, kognitivne funkcije, motorične sposobnosti in funkcije, na spanje, vedenje in čustva, na spremembe pri tveganju za padec ter na kvaliteto življenja posameznika. Naloga delovnega terapevta je, da pozna in upošteva želje ter potrebe starejših, načrtuje in individualno prilagodi aktivnost, vodi, usmerja in motivira starejše za izvajanje aktivnosti, poskrbi za varnost pri izvajanju aktivnosti, informira starejše o prednostih in pomembnosti gibalnih aktivnosti, svoje znanje deli z drugimi udeleženci. Delovni terapevt ima znanje za učinkovito izvajanje večkomponentnih skupinskih programov in veščine, s katerimi lahko starejšim pomaga odpraviti ovire, ki omejujejo njihovo uspešnost in sodelovanje v vsakodnevnih aktivnostih. Priporočljivo je, da svoje znanje izpopolnjuje in spremlja ter upošteva najnovejše smernice s področja delovne terapije.

Language:Slovenian
Keywords:diplomska dela, delovna terapija, gibanje, tretje življenjsko obdobje
Work type:Bachelor thesis/paper (mb11)
Tipology:2.11 - Undergraduate Thesis
Organization:ZF - University College of Health Studies
Year:2021
Publisher:[K. Plut]
Number of pages:38 str., [3] str. pril.
Place:Ljubljana
UDC:615.851
COBISS.SI-ID:62460931 This link opens in a new window
Views:128
Downloads:57
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Secondary language

Language:English
Title:Effects of physical activities in the elderly : diploma work
Abstract:
Introduction: The world's population is aging, life expectancy is increasing and the number of older people is augmenting. It is expected that the number of elderly people with various diseases and problems, both in the motor, cognitive and social-interactional areas, will also increase. By performing physical activities, we want to influence on the physical, cognitive, social-interactional and emotional deficits of the elderly and to contribute to improve the performance of daily activities and more independence. Purpose: To investigate how physical activities affect motor, process and social-interactional areas in the elderly, to show the role of occupational therapist in performing physical activities and to determine what knowledge and skills the occupational therapist needs. Methods: A review of professional and scientific literature was used. Literature was selected on internet database Digital Library of the University of Ljubljana (DiKUL) and various individual databases: PubMed, PubMed Central (PMC), OTseeker, ScienceDirect. Search of literature was proceeded with different combinations of key words (physical activity, elderly, occupational therapy) in slovene and english. The analysis included articles written in slovene or english, available in full text, published between 2000 and 2020, which included persons over 65 years of age. Results: The final analysis included 9 articles, including 4 literature reviews, 4 randomized control studies and 1 feasibility study. All studies included people over the age of 65, of which 3 studies included people with dementia, 2 studies people with Alzheimer’s disease and 4 studies people living in nursing homes. Discussion and conclusion: Performing various physical activities in the elderly has a positive effect on the performance of daily activities, social interaction, cognitive functions, motor skills, sleep, behavior and emotions, changes in the risk of falling and on the quality of life of individuals,. The occupational therapist's task is to understand and take into account the wishes of elderly, to plan individually adjusted activities, to guide, encourage and motivate elderly to perform in activities, take care of safety in performing activities, inform elderly about the benefits of physical activities, to share their knowledge with other participants. The occupational therapist has the knowledge to effectively implement multicomponent group programs so that he can help older people overcome barriers that limit their performance in participating in daily activities. It is recommended that he upgrade knowledge and consider the latest guidelines in occupational therapy field.

Keywords:diploma theses, occupational therapy, movement, third period of life

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