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Učinki statičnega in dinamičnega raztezanja na mišično zmogljivost skeletnih mišic - pregled literature : diplomsko delo
Drenovec, Tim (Author), Vauhnik, Renata (Mentor) More about this mentor... This link opens in a new window, Kacin, Alan (Reviewer)

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Abstract
Uvod: Ogrevanje pred telesno dejavnostjo velja za pomemben postopek optimiziranja posameznikove učinkovitosti pri določeni aktivnosti. Tradicionalno je ogrevanje sestavljeno iz sub-maksimalne aerobne dejavnosti, raztezanja in segmenta, kjer športniki že izvajajo gibanje, podobno njihovi nalogi ali športu. V zadnjih dveh desetletjih je športna znanstvena literatura dokazala, da statično raztezanje lahko škodljivo vpliva na zmogljivost skeletnih mišic, dinamično raztezanje pa zaradi morebitnih pozitivnih učinkov postaja vse bolj priljubljeno v športu. Namen: Na podlagi pregleda literature predstaviti učinke statičnega in dinamičnega raztezanja na različne mere mišične zmogljivosti. Metode dela: Angleške prosto dostopne randomizirane kontrolirane raziskave, objavljene med leti 2009 in 2020 so bile pridobljene iz podatkovne zbirke PubMed. Rezultati: V analizo je bilo vključenih 13 člankov, ki so bili prosto dostopni v polnem besedilu. Za ocenjevanje mišične zmogljivosti so bili uporabljeni: lokalna mišična zmogljivost, višina skoka, izvedba šprinta, okretnost in drugi športno specifični testi. Rezultati 11 raziskav poročajo o pozitivnih učinkih dinamičnega raztezanja na mišično zmogljivost, 9 raziskav pa poroča o negativnih učinkih statičnega raztezanja na različne mere mišične zmogljivosti. Razprava in zaključek: Rezultati nakazujejo na potrebno previdnost pri vključevanju statičnega raztezanja v ogrevalno rutino zaradi možnega negativnega učinka, ki ga ima lahko le-to na mišično zmogljivost. Ustrezno zamenjavo zaradi potencialnih pozitivnih učinkov predstavlja dinamično raztezanje. Sestava in posamezni parametri ogrevalne rutine naj bodo individualizirani vsakemu posamezniku glede na njegove potrebe.

Language:Slovenian
Keywords:statično raztezanje, dinamično raztezanje, mišična zmogljivost
Work type:Bachelor thesis/paper (mb11)
Tipology:2.11 - Undergraduate Thesis
Organization:ZF - University College of Health Studies
Year:2021
Publisher:[T. Drenovec]
Number of pages:32 str., [11] str. pril.
Place:Ljubljana
UDC:615.8
COBISS.SI-ID:62086915 This link opens in a new window
Views:83
Downloads:30
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Secondary language

Language:English
Title:Effects of static and dynamic stretching on skeletal muscle performance - literature review : diploma work : diploma work
Abstract:
Introduction: Warming up before physical activity is considered to be one of the components of optimizing individual's performance in certain activities. Traditionally, warm-ups consist of sub-maximal aerobic components, stretching, and a segment where athletes are already performing a movement similar to their task or sport. In the last two decades, literature reviews started pointing out that static stretching immediately before exercise seems to have detrimental effects on performance, while dynamic stretching became increasingly popular in sports due to its possible positive effects. Purpose: The objective of the diploma work was to present the effects of static and dynamic stretching on various performance indicators. Methods: The method, used in this paper, was a literature review. Research papers included in the review had to be fully accessible randomized controlled trials in English language, published between 2009 and 2020 and were obtained from PubMed database. Results: 13 full text articles were included in the analysis. The following were used to assess performance: local muscle performance, jump height, sprint performance, agility, and other specific tests. The results of 11 studies report positive effects of dynamic stretching on performance and 9 studies reported negative effects of static stretching on various performance indicators. Discussion and conclusion: The results indicate that caution is required when implementing static stretching into the warm-up routine due to its possible negative effects. The literature is leaning more towards dynamic stretching because of its potential positive effects. However, each warm-up routine should be individualised according to athlete’s needs.

Keywords:static stretching, dynamic stretching, muscle performance

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