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The dynamics of thickness swelling and bond strength loss of different wood-based panels at exposure to humid climate and immersion into water
Medved, Sergej (Author), Žgajner, Damjan (Author), Antonović, Alan (Author)

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Abstract
An important aspect of wood-based panel usability, especially for construction, load bearing purposes or when in use for longer time, is its resistance against water. The resistance against water is related to type of wood-based panel, morphological characteristics of the constituents that panel is made of, and from the resin that was used for bonding. In an experiment we used four different wood-based panels, namely MDF (urea-formaldehyde adhesive), particleboard (urea-formaldehyde adhesive), OSB (melamine-urea-formaldehyde adhesive) and beech plywood (melamine-urea-formaldehyde adhesive). All panels were immersed into water and exposed to a humid climate for 90 days. Thickness swelling, compression shear strength and shear strength were determined after 1, 5, 30 and 90 days. The results showed that the highest strength decrease was observed at immersion into water. The lowest compression shear strength after immersion into water and exposure to a humid climate was determined for MDF. The occurrence of constituent failure due to mexposure to water was demonstrated through SEM analysis.

Language:English
Keywords:plywood, OSB, particleboard, MDF, compression shear strength, shear strength, water, humid condition
Work type:Article (dk_c)
Tipology:1.01 - Original Scientific Article
Organization:BF - Biotechnical Faculty
Year:2019
Number of pages:Str. 25-35
Numbering:Letn. 68, št. 1
UDC:630*862.9
ISSN on article:0024-1067
COBISS.SI-ID:3085449 This link opens in a new window
Views:144
Downloads:59
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Record is a part of a journal

Title:Les
Shortened title:Les
Publisher:Zveza društev inženirjev in tehnikov gozdarstva in lesarstva Slovenije, Zveza društev inženirjev in tehnikov gozdarstva in lesarstva Slovenije, Biotehniška fakulteta, Oddelek za lesarstvo, Založba Univerze, Biotehniška fakulteta, Oddelek za lesarstvo
ISSN:0024-1067
COBISS.SI-ID:13940224 This link opens in a new window

Document is financed by a project

Funder:ARRS - Agencija za raziskovalno dejavnost Republike Slovenije (ARRS)
Project no.:P4-0015
Name:Les in lignocelulozni kompoziti

Funder:ARRS - Agencija za raziskovalno dejavnost Republike Slovenije (ARRS)
Project no.:L4-7547
Name:Obnašanje lesa in lignoceluloznih kompozitov v zunanjih pogojih

Licences

License:CC BY 4.0, Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International
Link:http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
Description:This is the standard Creative Commons license that gives others maximum freedom to do what they want with the work as long as they credit the author.
Licensing start date:29.04.2021

Secondary language

Language:Slovenian
Title:Dinamika spreminjanja debelinskega nabreka in kakovosti zlepljenosti različnih lesnih ploščnih kompozitov pri vlažni klimi in potopitvi v vodo
Abstract:
Pomemben dejavnik uporabnosti lesnih ploščnih kompozitov pri gradnji in nosilnih konstrukcijah je odpornost le-teh proti delovanju vode. Odpornost proti delovanju vode je odvisna od vrste lesnega ploščnega kompozita, morfoloških lastnosti gradnika, iz katerega je plošča narejena, in lepila, uporabljenega za lepljenje. Za izvedbo raziskave smo uporabili štiri različne lesne ploščne kompozite in sicer MDF (urea-formaldehidno lepilo), iverno ploščo (urea-formaldehidno lepilo), OSB (melamin-urea-formaldehidno lepilo) in bukovo furnirno ploščo (melamin-urea-formalde-hidno lepilo). Vse plošče so bile potopljene v vodo in izpostavljene vlažnim klimatskim pogojem. Določili smo debelinski nabrek, tlačni strig in strižno trdnost. Lastnosti so bile določene 1, 5, 30 in 90 dni po izpostavitvi. Največja sprememba trdnosti je bila ugotovljena pri preskušancih, potopljenih v vodo. Najnižja odpornost proti delovanju vode je bila ugotovljena pri MDF plošči. S SEM slikovno analizo smo prikazali nastanek razpok in porušitve zgradbe gradnikov. Ključne besede: furnirna plošča, OSB, iverna plošča, MDF, tlačni strig, strižna trdnost, voda, vlažna klima.

Keywords:furnirna plošča, OSB, iverna plošča, MDF, tlačni strig, strižna trdnost, voda, vlažna klima

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