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Vpliv mobilne aplikacije za nadzorovanje vnosa hranil na prehranjevalne navade, telesno sestavo in znanje o uravnoteženi prehrani pri ženskah
ID Čehovin, Meta (Author), ID Knap, Bojan (Mentor) More about this mentor... This link opens in a new window

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Abstract
Namen naloge je ovrednotenje mobilne aplikacije in ugotoviti, če nudi podporo pri uravnavanju telesne sestave, spremembi prehranskih navad, dojemanju uravnotežene prehrane in motivaciji za vadbo. Zanimale so nas razlike v ITM, ΔTM, FTI, LTI in razlike v vnosu energije, maščob, ogljikovih hidratov, beljakovin, prehranskih vlaknin in nekaterih vitaminov ter mineralov med skupino z aplikacijo (skupina A) in skupino brez aplikacije (skupina B). Izsledki so podani na podlagi trimesečne študije in rezultatov meritev osemnajstih preiskovank (25–55 let, ITM > 25). Skupina A je v povprečju znižala energijski vnos za 182 ± 516 kcal in vnos maščob za 2 ± 21 g/dan, zvišala vnos ogljikovih hidratov za 6,1 ± 71 g/dan, prehranske vlaknine za 1,4 ± 9,2 g/dan in beljakovin za 7,5 ± 27 g/dan. Skupina B pa je v povprečju znižala energijski vnos za 158 ± 533 kcal, vnos maščobe za 9,1 ± 21 g/dan, ogljikovih hidratov za 21,1 ± 75 g/dan in zvišala vnos prehranske vlaknine za 0,4 ± 9,9 g/dan ter vnos beljakovin za 1,0 ± 34 g/dan. Pri ostalih hranilih, bistvenih razlik med skupinama ni bilo zaznati. Skupini A se je ITM v povprečju zmanjšal za 1,5 ± 1,3 kg/m2, skupini B pa za 1,7 ± 1,4 kg/m2 . V povprečju je skupina A izgubila večji delež telesne mase (8,6 % ± 12,5) kot skupina B (5,7 % ± 3,7 %), čeprav statistično značilne razlike ni bilo zaznati, enako pri FTI, LTI, znanju, udeležbi na vadbi in rezultatih na funkcionalnih testih. Ugotovili smo, da uporaba aplikacije med intervencijo v primerjavi z intervencijo brez aplikacije ni bolj učinkovito orodje za spremembo prehranskih navad. Zaključujemo, da je za učinkovito spremembo celotnega življenjskega sloga na boljše poglavitno sočasno informiranje o uravnoteženi prehrani, spremljanje prehrane in telesna aktivnost pod strokovnim vodstvom. Šele po osvojitvi določenega znanja sklepamo, da je uporabo aplikacije smiselno priporočiti.

Language:Slovenian
Keywords:prehrana, prehranska intervencija, telesna vadba, mobilne aplikacije, mobilna tehnologija, analiza prehranskega stanja, prehranski vnos, bioimpedančne meritve, sestava telesa, ženske
Work type:Master's thesis/paper
Typology:2.09 - Master's Thesis
Organization:BF - Biotechnical Faculty
Place of publishing:Ljubljana
Publisher:[M. Čehovin]
Year:2021
PID:20.500.12556/RUL-126301 This link opens in a new window
UDC:613.2-055.2:004.5
COBISS.SI-ID:60074499 This link opens in a new window
Publication date in RUL:16.04.2021
Views:4328
Downloads:117
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Secondary language

Language:English
Title:Influence of the mobile app for evaluating nutrient intake, eating habits, body composition and knowledge of balanced diet in women
Abstract:
The purpose of the thesis is to evaluate the mobile app for monitoring dietary intake and nutrition and to determine if it provides support in the regulation of body composition, changes in eating habits, perception of a balanced diet, and motivation to exercise. We investigated the differences of BMI, ΔBM, FTI, LTI, and differences in energy intake, fats, carbohydrates, protein, dietary fiber, and a few vitamins and minerals between the group with an app (group A) and the group without an app (group B). The results are based on a three-month study and measurements of eighteen subjects (25 - 55 years, BMI > 25). On average group A lowered energy intake by 182 ± 516 kcal and fat intake by 2 ± 21 g/day, increased carbohydrate intake by 6.1 ± 71 g/day, dietary fiber by 1.4 ± 9.2 g/day, and protein by 7.5 ± 27 g/day. Group B lowered energy intake by 158 ± 533 kcal, fat intake by 9.1 ± 21 g/day, carbohydrate intake by 21.1 ± 75 g/day and increased dietary fiber intake by 0.4 ± 9.9 g/day and protein intake by 1.0 ± 34 g/day. For other nutrients, including vitamins and minerals, no significant differences between the groups were observed. In a group A BMI decreased by 1.5 ± 1.3 kg/m2 and in group B by 1.7 ± 1.4 kg/m2. Group A lost a higher proportion of body weight (8.6 ± 12.5 %) than group B (5.7 ± 3.7 %), although no statistically significant difference was observed, the same in FTI, LTI, knowledge of a balanced diet, participation in exercise and results in functional tests. We found that using an app during an intervention is not a more effective tool for changing eating habits, compared to an intervention without an app. We conclude that to effectively change the lifestyle for the better, the essential thing is simultaneous education on a balanced diet, regular monitoring of diet and physical activity under professional guidance. Only after gaining knowledge, we assume that recommending a mobile app could be relevant.

Keywords:nutrition, diatery intervention, exercise, mobile apps, mobile technology, nutritional assessment, diatery intake, bioimpedance, body composition, women

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