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Obravnava otroka v spolnem kazenskem pravu
ID Lukanc, Ivanka (Author), ID Korošec, Damjan (Mentor) More about this mentor... This link opens in a new window

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Abstract
Magistrsko diplomsko delo uvodoma opozarja na vpliv čustev ter javnega mnenja v ureditvi sistema spolnega kazenskega prava. Delo obravnava blanketne norme, ki v praksi večinoma niso problematične, nedefiniranost pojma otrok kot osrednjega pojma spolnih kaznivih dejanj zoper otroke pa se ne zdi upravičena. V nadaljevanju opozarja na nekatere sistemske pomanjkljivosti posebnega dela KZ-1 ter obravnava doktrino o absolutni privolitveni nesposobnosti otroka, ki se tesno povezuje z vprašanjem škodljivosti spolnih stikov med otrokom in odraslim. Ugotavlja se, da je državna intervencija nedvomno legitimna pri predpubertetnih otrocih, pri adolescentih pa le ob nezadostnem razumevanju spolnosti in njenih posledic, zato se kot idealna kaže zamisel o ugotavljanju privolitvene nesposobnosti otroka v vsakem primeru posebej, kar pa v praksi žal ni izvedljivo. Delo dalje navaja raziskave razširjenosti spolnih zlorab otrok ter obravnava posamične inkriminacije spolnega ravnanja z otroki in soočenja otrok s (tujo) spolnostjo v KZ-1. Iz nadaljnjih poglavij izhajata ugotovitvi, da je odkrivanje spolnih zlorab najzahtevnejše pri zelo majhnih otrocih, ki spolnih odnosov še ne razumejo, ter da v veliki večini primerov spolnih zlorab otrok ključno vlogo odigra internet. V zaključku so navedeni bistveni mednarodni dokumenti in obravnavano mednarodno sodelovanje v okviru zbirke ICSE v boju proti spolnim zlorabam otrok in mladostnikov.

Language:Slovenian
Keywords:otrok, mladoletna oseba, spolna zloraba, spolni napad, spolno občevanje, spolno dejanje, spolna samoodločba, privolitvena sposobnost
Work type:Master's thesis/paper
Organization:PF - Faculty of Law
Year:2019
PID:20.500.12556/RUL-125497 This link opens in a new window
COBISS.SI-ID:32786179 This link opens in a new window
Publication date in RUL:19.03.2021
Views:945
Downloads:93
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Secondary language

Language:English
Title:Child in Sexual Criminal Law
Abstract:
The Master's thesis draws attention to the influence of emotions and public opinion in the regulation of the sexual criminal law system. The thesis deals with blanket norms, which in most cases are not problematic. However, the lack of the definition of the concept of children as the central concept of sexual offenses against children does not seem justified. The following section highlights some of the systemic shortcomings of the special section of the KZ-1 and describes the doctrine of the absolute consenting (in)ability of a child, closely linked to the issue of the harmfulness of sexual contact between a child and an adult. It is concluded that state intervention is undoubtedly legitimate in cases involving prepubertal children and adolescents with insufficient understanding of sexuality and its consequences. Therefore the idea of assessing the consenting inability of a child in each individual case is shown as ideal, which proves unfeasible in practice. The thesis further studies the prevalence of sexual abuse of children and addresses its individual incrimination and the familiarization of children with (foreign) sexuality in KZ-1. The following chapters lead to the findings that the detection of child sexual abuse is most difficult with very young children, who do not yet understand sexual intercourses, and that the internet plays a key role in most child sexual abuse cases. In addition, essential international documents and international cooperation in the fight against child and adolescent sexual abuse within the ICSE database is presented.

Keywords:child, minor, sexual abuse, sexual assault, sexual intercourse, sexual act, sexual self-determination, consenting ability

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