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Vpliv tipa stopala in obutve na uspešnost pri športnem strelstvu : diplomsko delo
Smolič, Klara (Author), Lampe, Tomaž (Mentor) More about this mentor... This link opens in a new window, Pavlović, Monika (Co-mentor), Fošnarič, Miha (Reviewer)

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Abstract
Uvod: Strelstvo je dejavnost, ki jo ljudje poznajo že zelo dolgo. Deli se na borbeno, lovsko in športno streljanje. Pri športnem strelstvu je pomembna osredotočenost, čim boljša točnost in preciznost ter dobra stabilnost. Pri večini položajev streljanja so stopala edini del telesa, ki je v stiku s tlemi. Namen: Namen diplomskega dela je bil raziskati, ali tip stopala in obutev vplivata na uspešnost pri športnem streljanju z zračno pištolo. Metode dela: V diplomskem delu sta bili uporabljeni deskriptivna in eksperimentalna metoda dela. V raziskavi je sodelovalo 14 strelcev z zračno pištolo. Analizirali smo stopalne odtise z uporabo Staheli indeksa in Clarkovega kota ter izvedli meritve s sistemom Scatt med streljanjem z obutvijo in brez. Rezultati: Pri analizi stopalnih odtisov so vrednosti Staheli indeksa znašale med 0,0 in 0,93. Plosko stopalo smo ugotovili pri 21,4 %, normalno pri 57,1 % in obokano pa pri 21,4 % preiskovancih. Velikosti Clarkovega kota so znašale med 24° in 56°. Glede na velikost kota je bilo plosko stopalo ugotovljeno pri 25 %, normalno pri 60,7 % in obokano pri 14,3 % preiskovancih. Rezultati parnega t-testa so pokazali, da obutev ni statistično značilno vplivala na nobeno spremenljivko streljanja (p = 0,221–0,903). Povprečne vrednosti Clarkovega kota za obe stopali so pokazale statistično značilne razlike z rezultati amplitude gibanja orožja pri streljanju z obutvijo (F = 6,288; p = 0,016). Razlike so bile značilne med skupinama preiskovancev z normalnim in obokanim stopalom. Povprečne vrednosti Staheli indeksa za levo stopalo so pokazale statistično značilne razlike pri enakomernosti ritma streljanja brez obutve (F = 4,120; p = 0,047) med posamezniki s ploskim in obokanim stopalom. Amplituda gibanja orožja je dobro pozitivno povezana med streljanjem z obutvijo in brez nje (r = 0,833; n = 14; p = < 0,001). Razprava in zaključek: Dokazali smo, da obutev ne vpliva na uspešnost streljanja z zračno pištolo. Vendar pa na večino spremenljivk streljanja vpliva tip stopala. Zato priporočamo izvedbo dodatnih raziskav na tem področju z večjim vzorcem, ki bodo raziskale vpliv ortopedskih vložkov na uspešnost pri športnem strelstvu.

Language:Slovenian
Keywords:diplomska dela, ortotika in protetika, analiza stopalnih odtisov, obutev, zračna pištola, analiza streljanja
Work type:Bachelor thesis/paper (mb11)
Tipology:2.11 - Undergraduate Thesis
Organization:ZF - University College of Health Studies
Year:2021
Publisher:[K. Smolič]
Number of pages:26 str., [2] str. pril.
UDC:617.3
COBISS.SI-ID:54167555 This link opens in a new window
Views:86
Downloads:46
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Secondary language

Language:English
Title:The influence of foot type and footwear on performance in sports shooting : diploma work
Abstract:
Introduction: Shooting is an activity that people have known for a very long time. It is divided into combat, hunting and sport shooting. Concentration, accuracy, precision and good stability are very important in sport shooting. The feet are the only part of the body in contact with the ground in most shooting positions. Purpose: The purpose of this study was to determine the influence of foot type and footwear on performance of sport shooting with an air pistol. Methods: Descriptive and experimental methods were used in this study. Fourteen shooters with an air pistol participated in the study. We analyzed footprints using the Staheli index and the Clarke`s angle and took measurements using the Scatt system during shooting with and without footwear. Results: The values of the Staheli index ranged from 0.0 and 0.93. Flat foot was found in 21.4%, normal in 57.1% and high arched in 21.4% of the subjects. Clarke`s angle values ranged from 24° to 56°. According to the size of the angle, a flat foot was determined in 25%, a normal in 60.7% and a high arched in 14.3% of the subjects. The results of the paired samples t-test showed no statistically significant effect of footwear on any shooting parameter (p = 0.221 – 0.903). The mean values of Clarke`s angle for both feet showed statistically significant differences with the results of the amplitude of the weapon movement when shooting with footwear (F = 6,288; p = 0,016). The differences were proved to be statistically significant between the group of subjects with a normal and a high arched foot. The mean values of the Staheli index for the left foot showed statistically significant differences in the uniformity of shooting rhythm without footwear (F = 4,120; p = 0,047) between subjects with a flat and high arched foot. The amplitude of weapon movement showed good positive correlation between shooting with and without footwear (r = 0,833; n = 14; p = <0,001). Discussion and conclusion: We proved that footwear has no influence on air pistol shooting performance. However, most shooting variables are influenced by foot type. Therefore, we recommend further research in this area on a larger sample investigating the influence of orthopedic insoles on performance in sport shooting.

Keywords:diploma theses, orthotics and prosthetics, footprint analysis, footwear, air pistol, shooting analysis

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