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Vpliv skrbnega pravnega pregleda na postopek pridobitve poslovnega deleža
Vrtačnik Jarc, Larisa (Author), Grilc, Peter (Mentor) More about this mentor... This link opens in a new window

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Abstract
Skrbni pregled označuje skupek različnih dejanj in opravil, katerih namen je neodvisna in objektivna analiza položaja, stanja in lastnosti predmeta skrbnega pregleda. Magistrska naloga pokaže, kateri subjekti so praviloma zainteresirani za izvedbo skrbnega pregleda ter kakšne cilje zasledujejo. Obstaja veliko vrst in oblik skrbnega pregleda, pri čimer se v poslovni praksi razvijajo oziroma pridobivajo na pomenu tudi vedno nove oblike. Skrbni pregled praviloma izvedejo zunanji strokovnjaki z določenega področja, naročnik pa lahko izvedbo zaupa tudi svojim lastnim zaposlenim. Natančna vsebina in način izvedbe skrbnega pregleda je predmet dogovora med naročnikom in izvajalcem. Posledično je ključnega pomena, da dogovor vsebuje natančno določitev pravic in obveznosti vsake od strank, ter je jasno določeno, kakšna so pričakovanja in potrebe naročnika. Namen te magistrske naloge je predstavitev vloge in pomena skrbnega pravnega pregleda v postopku pridobitve poslovnega deleža oziroma delnic določene družbe. Skrbni pravni pregled je ena od standardnih faz postopka pridobitve poslovnega deleža, ki pa lahko bistveno vpliva in sooblikuje nadaljnje faze. V skrajnem primeru lahko izsledki skrbnega pravnega pregleda tudi povzročijo, da naročnik odstopi od načrtovane pridobitve poslovnega deleža. Predmet skrbnega pravnega pregleda v postopku pridobitve poslovnega deleža je položaj in stanje ciljne družbe. Magistrska naloga pokaže kdo, pod kakšnimi pogoji in na kakšni pravni podlagi lahko dopusti izvedbo skrbnega pregleda v družbi z omejeno odgovornostjo in v delniški družbi. Nadalje je predstavljen potek tipičnega skrbnega pravnega pregleda v praksi. V okviru skrbnega pravnega pregleda so pregledani številni dokumenti in podatki, ki so praviloma posredovani v podatkovno sobo, do katere lahko dostopa izvajalec. Na primeru izbranih pravnih področij je prikazano, na katera dejstva in okoliščine morajo biti izvajalci zlasti pozorni pri izvedbi skrbnega pravnega pregleda, saj lahko predstavljajo bistveno tveganje za naročnika. V zadnjem delu magistrske naloge pa so s konkretnimi primeri prikazane posledice in implikacije skrbnega pravnega pregleda na postopek pridobitve poslovnega deleža. Izsledki skrbnega pregleda namreč bistveno vplivajo na določbe pogodbe o prodaji in prenosu poslovnega deleža. Praviloma se tveganja, ki so identificirana v postopku skrbnega pravnega pregleda, naslovijo s prilagoditvijo višine kupnine in mehanizma njenega plačila. Nadalje zahtevajo ustrezno formulacijo pogodbenih zagotovil in jamstev, odložnih pogojev, zavez in določb o odškodovanju. Izvedba skrbnega pravnega pregleda pa tudi bistveno vpliva na odgovornost prodajalca glede lastnosti ciljne družbe, saj je odraz načela caveat emptor.

Language:Slovenian
Keywords:skrbni pravni pregled, pogodba o prodaji in prenosu poslovnega deleža, odgovornost prodajalca, zagotovila in jamstva, odložni pogoj, odškodovanje, izvajalec skrbnega pregleda, poročilo o skrbnem pregledu
Work type:Master's thesis/paper (mb22)
Organization:PF - Faculty of Law
Year:2021
COBISS.SI-ID:55139331 This link opens in a new window
Views:204
Downloads:74
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Secondary language

Language:English
Title:The impact of the legal due diligence on the process of acquiring business shares
Abstract:
A due diligence refers to a set of different actions and tasks aimed at an independent and objective analysis of the position, condition and characteristics of the object of a due diligence. The master's thesis shows which subjects are usually interested in conducting a due diligence and what goals they pursue. There are many types and forms of due diligence, with new forms of due diligence being developed or gaining in importance in business practice. As a rule, the due diligence is carried out by external experts in a certain field, although the client can also entrust the execution to his own employees. The exact content and manner of performing the due diligence is the subject of an agreement between the client and the provider. Consequently, it is crucial that the agreement contains a precise definition of the rights and obligations of each party, and that the client's expectations and needs are clearly defined. The purpose of this master's thesis is to present the role and importance of a legal due diligence in the process of acquiring business shares or stocks of a certain company. Legal due diligence is one of the standard stages in the process of acquiring a business share, which may significantly impact and co-shape further stages. In extreme cases, the results of the legal due diligence may also lead the client to withdraw from the planned acquisition of a business share. The object of legal due diligence in the process of acquiring a business share is the position and condition of the target company. The master's thesis shows who, under what conditions and on what legal basis can allow a due diligence to be carried out in a limited liability company and in a joint stock company. Furthermore, the course of a typical legal due diligence in practice is presented. As part of the legal due diligence, a number of documents and data are examined, which are usually forwarded to the data room, which can be accessed by the provider. In the case of selected legal areas, it is shown which facts and circumstances the provider must pay particular attention to when conducting a due diligence, as they may pose a significant risk to the client. In the last part of the master's thesis, the consequences and implications of a legal due diligence on the process of acquiring a business share are presented with concrete examples. The results of the due diligence have a significant impact on the provisions of the contract on the sale and transfer of the business share. As a rule, the risks identified in the legal due diligence process are addressed by adjusting the amount of the purchase price and the mechanism of its payment. They further require an appropriate formulation of contractual representations and warranties, conditions precedent, covenants and indemnification provisions. Moreover, the conduct of a legal due diligence also significantly affects the seller's liability for the characteristics of the target company, as it is a reflection of the caveat emptor principle.

Keywords:legal due diligence, sale and purchase agreement, share deal, liability of the seller, representations and warranties, conditions precedent, indemnification, due diligence provider, due diligence report

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