Measurement invariance of the subjective happiness scale across countries, gender, age, and time
ID Zager Kocjan, Gaja (Author), ID Jose, Paul Easton (Author), ID Sočan, Gregor (Author), ID Avsec, Andreja (Author)

.pdfPDF - Presentation file, Download (159,76 KB)
MD5: 2AD08DE9EE16DE26644AD3F8316F238B
URLURL - Source URL, Visit https://journals.sagepub.com/doi/10.1177/1073191121993558 This link opens in a new window

The purpose of this study was to examine measurement invariance of the Subjective Happiness Scale across countries, gender, and age groups and across time by multigroup confirmatory factor analysis. Altogether, 4,977 participants from nine European, American, and Australian countries were included in the study. Our results revealed that both configural and metric invariance held across countries, but scalar invariance was only partially confirmed with one item yielding varying intercepts in different countries. Measurement invariance was also confirmed across gender and age groups. Longitudinal measurement invariance was examined on a subsample of 478 English-speaking participants and was fully confirmed across five consecutive assessment points. Factor means were compared between groups and across time, and good convergent validity of the Subjective Happiness Scale was found in relation to a measure of temporal satisfaction with life. Overall, our results demonstrate that self-reported happiness was measured similarly in nine different countries, gender and age groups and over time, and provide a solid foundation for meaningful cross-group and cross-time comparisons in subjective happiness.

Keywords:positive psychology, Subjective Happiness Scale, SHS, happiness, well-being, measurement invariance, longitudinal measurement invariance, group comparison, group diffrences, Temporal Satisfaction with Life Scale, TSWLS
Work type:Article
Typology:1.01 - Original Scientific Article
Organization:FF - Faculty of Arts
Publication status:Published
Publication version:Version of Record
Number of pages:Str. 826–841
Numbering:Vol. 29, iss. 4
PID:20.500.12556/RUL-124980 This link opens in a new window
ISSN on article:1073-1911
DOI:10.1177/1073191121993558 This link opens in a new window
COBISS.SI-ID:51599875 This link opens in a new window
Publication date in RUL:26.02.2021
Copy citation
Share:Bookmark and Share

Record is a part of a journal

Shortened title:Assessment
Publisher:SAGE, American Psychological Association, Society for Clinical Psychology (Division 12), Section IX (Assessment)
COBISS.SI-ID:512150041 This link opens in a new window


License:CC BY-NC 4.0, Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International
Description:A creative commons license that bans commercial use, but the users don’t have to license their derivative works on the same terms.

Secondary language

Keywords:pozitivna psihologija, lestvica subjektivne sreče SHS, sreča, blagostanje, merska invariantnost, vzdolžna merska invariantnost, primerjava skupin, razlike med skupinami


Funder:ARRS - Agencija za raziskovalno dejavnost Republike Slovenije
Project number:P5-0110
Name:Psihološki in nevroznanstveni vidiki kognicije

Funder:ARRS - Agencija za raziskovalno dejavnost Republike Slovenije
Project number:P5-0062
Name:Uporabna razvojna psihologija

Similar documents

Similar works from RUL:
Similar works from other Slovenian collections: