Measurement invariance of the subjective happiness scale across countries, gender, age, and time
ID Zager Kocjan, Gaja (Author), ID Jose, Paul Easton (Author), ID Sočan, Gregor (Author), ID Avsec, Andreja (Author)

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The purpose of this study was to examine measurement invariance of the Subjective Happiness Scale across countries, gender, and age groups and across time by multigroup confirmatory factor analysis. Altogether, 4,977 participants from nine European, American, and Australian countries were included in the study. Our results revealed that both configural and metric invariance held across countries, but scalar invariance was only partially confirmed with one item yielding varying intercepts in different countries. Measurement invariance was also confirmed across gender and age groups. Longitudinal measurement invariance was examined on a subsample of 478 English-speaking participants and was fully confirmed across five consecutive assessment points. Factor means were compared between groups and across time, and good convergent validity of the Subjective Happiness Scale was found in relation to a measure of temporal satisfaction with life. Overall, our results demonstrate that self-reported happiness was measured similarly in nine different countries, gender and age groups and over time, and provide a solid foundation for meaningful cross-group and cross-time comparisons in subjective happiness

Keywords:positive psychology, Subjective Happiness Scale SHS, happiness, well-being, measurement invariance, longitudinal measurement invariance, group comparison, group diffrences, Temporal Satisfaction with Life Scale TSWLS
Typology:1.01 - Original Scientific Article
Organization:FF - Faculty of Arts
Publication status in journal:Published
Article version:Publisher's version of article
Number of pages:16 str.
ISSN on article:1073-1911
DOI:10.1177/1073191121993558 This link opens in a new window
COBISS.SI-ID:51599875 This link opens in a new window
Publication date in RUL:26.02.2021
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Record is a part of a journal

Shortened title:Assessment
Publisher:Psychological Assessment Resources, Inc.
COBISS.SI-ID:512150041 This link opens in a new window


License:CC BY-NC 4.0, Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International
Description:A creative commons license that bans commercial use, but the users don’t have to license their derivative works on the same terms.
Licensing start date:26.02.2021

Secondary language

Keywords:pozitivna psihologija, Lestvica subjektivne sreče SHS, sreča, blagostanje, merska invariantnost, vzdolžna merska invariantnost, primerjava skupin, razlike med skupinami

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