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Healthy lifestyle recommendations : do the beneficial effects originate from NAD + amount at the cellular level?
Poljšak, Borut (Author), Kovač, Vito (Author), Milisav, Irina (Author)

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Abstract
In this review, we describe the role of oxidized forms of nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NAD+ ) as a molecule central to health benefits as the result from observing selected healthy lifestyle recommendations. Namely, NAD+ level can be regulated by lifestyle and nutrition approaches such as fasting, caloric restriction, sports activity, low glucose availability, and heat shocks. NAD+ is reduced with age at a cellular, tissue, and organismal level due to inflammation, defect in NAMPT-mediated NAD+ biosynthesis, and the PARP-mediated NAD+ depletion. This leads to a decrease in cellular energy production and DNA repair and modifies genomic signalling leading to an increased incidence of chronic diseases and ageing. By implementing healthy lifestyle approaches, endogenous intracellular NAD+ levels can be increased, which explains the molecular mechanisms underlying health benefits at the organismal level. Namely, adherence to here presented healthy lifestyle approaches is correlated with an extended life expectancy free of major chronic diseases.

Language:English
Keywords:nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide, NAD+, health benefits, molecular mechanisms, healthy lifestyle
Work type:Article (dk_c)
Tipology:1.02 - Review Article
Organization:ZF - University College of Health Studies
Year:2020
Number of pages:Str. 1-12
Numbering:Vol. 2020
UDC:612.68:613
ISSN on article:1942-0994
DOI:10.1155/2020/8819627 This link opens in a new window
COBISS.SI-ID:49263107 This link opens in a new window
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Downloads:85
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Record is a part of a journal

Title:Oxidative medicine and cellular longevity
Shortened title:Oxid. med. cell. longev.
Publisher:Hindawi
ISSN:1942-0994
COBISS.SI-ID:29264601 This link opens in a new window

Document is financed by a project

Funder:ARRS - Agencija za raziskovalno dejavnost Republike Slovenije (ARRS)
Project no.:P3-0388
Name:Mehanizmi varovanja zdravja

Licences

License:CC BY 4.0, Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International
Link:http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
Description:This is the standard Creative Commons license that gives others maximum freedom to do what they want with the work as long as they credit the author.
Licensing start date:01.02.2021

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