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Incidence of Fusarium mycotoxins in wheat and maize from Albania
ID Topi, Dritan (Author), ID Babič, Janja (Author), ID Pavšič Vrtač, Katarina (Author), ID Tavčar-Kalcher, Gabrijela (Author), ID Jakovac-Strajn, Breda (Author)

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Abstract
In this study, ten Fusarium toxins were analysed in wheat and maize commodities from Albania. In total, 71 samples of wheat and 45 samples of maize were collected from different producing regions. The analytical procedure consisted of a simple one-step sample extraction followed by the determination of toxins using liquid chromatography coupled with tandem mass spectrometry. Fusarium toxins were found in 23% of the analysed wheat samples and in 78% of maize samples. In maize samples, most often fumonisins B$_1$ (FB1) and B$_2$ (FB2) were found. They were present in 76% of samples. They were detected in all positive samples except in one with concentrations ranging from 59.9 to 16,970 µg/kg. The sum of FB1 and FB2 exceeded the EU maximum permitted level (4000 µg/kg) in 31% of maize samples. In wheat samples, the only detected Fusarium mycotoxin was deoxynivalenol (DON), present in 23% of samples. In one sample with the concentration of 1916 µg/kg, the EU maximum permitted level (1250 µg/kg) was exceeded. This is the first report on the presence of Fusarium toxins in wheat and maize grains cultivated in Albania.

Language:English
Keywords:Fusarium toxins, deoxynivalenol, fumonisins, maize, wheat, Albania, animal feed, mycotoxins, analysis, Slovenia, cereals, chemistry, Fusarium, Alternaria, tandem mass spectrometry, methods
Work type:Article (dk_c)
Typology:1.01 - Original Scientific Article
Organization:VF - Veterinary Faculty
Year:2021
Publication status in journal:Published
Article version:Publisher's version of article
Number of pages:14 str.
Numbering:Vol. 26, iss. 1, art. 172
PID:20.500.12556/RUL-124502 This link opens in a new window
UDC:636.085:615.9:582.28:543
ISSN on article:1420-3049
DOI:10.3390/molecules26010172 This link opens in a new window
COBISS.SI-ID:48725763 This link opens in a new window
Publication date in RUL:27.01.2021
Views:480
Downloads:158
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Record is a part of a journal

Title:Molecules
Shortened title:Molecules
Publisher:MDPI
ISSN:1420-3049
COBISS.SI-ID:18462981 This link opens in a new window

Licences

License:CC BY 4.0, Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International
Link:http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
Description:This is the standard Creative Commons license that gives others maximum freedom to do what they want with the work as long as they credit the author.
Licensing start date:01.01.2021

Projects

Funder:ARRS - Agencija za raziskovalno dejavnost Republike Slovenije
Project number:P4-0092
Name:Zdravje živali, okolje in varna hrana

Funder:EC - European Commission
Funding programme:Erasmus Mundus

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