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Novinarsko razumevanje avtomatizacije kot tehnološke inovacije v novinarstvu : magistrsko delo
Mikac, Sara (Author), Vobič, Igor (Mentor) More about this mentor... This link opens in a new window

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Abstract
Novinarstvo je že več desetletij pod vplivom tehnoloških inovacij, ki ta poklic nenehno spreminjajo. Najprej so zgodbe pripovedovali o novih tehnologijah, kasneje s pomočjo teh tehnologij, sedaj pa novice piše že tehnologija sama. Algoritmi lahko novice pišejo hitreje, z manj napakami in ceneje. Delitev različnih faz priprave novic - zbiranje, organiziranje, analiziranje in širjenje podatkov - se z avtomatizacijo nadalje spreminja, novinarji pa so za zdaj še naprej prisotni za dejansko ustvarjanje prispevkov. Ta delitev se spreminja in čeprav je naslednji korak le to: korak v prepletu tehnologije in novinarstva, vključuje bistveno zamenjavo pri pisanju novic, ko človeka dobesedno zamenja tehnologija, zato ni presenetljivo, da so novosti pri nekaterih novinarjih povečale strah pred spremembo novinarskega poklica, ob kateri bi lahko postali tehnološki višek. Zaradi pomembnosti novinarskega razumevanja avtomatizacije v novinarstvu smo s pomočjo kritične analize diskurza analizirali 51 prispevkov o avtomatizaciji novinarstva, sledili pa smo glavnemu raziskovalnemu vprašanju: Kako novinarji v svojih prispevkih razumejo avtomatizacijo kot tehnološko inovacijo v novinarstvu? Ugotovitve kažejo, da so razumevanja novinarjev o avtomatizaciji kot tehnološki inovaciji novinarstva kompleksna in prepletena iz strahu, navdušenosti, nasprotovanja ter neodločenosti. Največ novinarjev avtomatizacijo vidi kot neizogibno, hkrati kažejo strah ob spremembah, zelo malo pa je takih, ki bi avtomatizaciji nepogojno nasprotovali ali nad njo kazali izredno navdušenje. Opozarjamo, da so potrebne nadaljnje raziskave na tem področju, ki bodo pripomogle k primerni vpeljavi avtomatizacije v novinarsko delo in s tem omogočile kakovostno in demokratično novinarstvo v prihodnosti.

Language:Slovenian
Keywords:avtomatizacija, novinarstvo, algoritmizacija, algoritmično novinarstvo, kritična analiza diskurza.
Work type:Master's thesis/paper (mb22)
Tipology:2.09 - Master's Thesis
Organization:FDV - Faculty of Social Sciences
Year:2020
Publisher:[S. Mikac]
Number of pages:85 str.
UDC:070:004.8(043.2)
COBISS.SI-ID:38053891 This link opens in a new window
Views:133
Downloads:45
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Secondary language

Language:English
Title:Journalistic understanding of automation as a technological innovation in journalism
Abstract:
For decades, journalism has been influenced by technological innovations that are constantly changing this profession. First, stories were told about new technologies, later with the help of technology, and now the news is written by technology. Algorithms can write news faster, with fewer errors and cheaper. However, the division of the various stages of news preparation - data collection, organization, analysis and dissemination - continues to change with automation and for the time being, journalists continue to be present to actually generate articles. This division is changing and even though the next step is just this: a step in the intertwining of technology in journalism, it involves a significant replacement in news writing as technology literally replaces a person, therefore it is not surprising that innovations increase the fear of a complete change in the journalistic profession. Due to the importance of journalistic understanding of automation in journalism, we analyzed 51 articles on the topic with the help of critical discourse analysis, following the main research question: How do journalists understand automation as a technological innovation in journalism? Findings show that journalists' understanding of automation as a technological innovation is complex and intertwined with fear, enthusiasm, opposition, and indecision. Most journalists see automation as inevitable, at the same time showing fear of change. Very few unconditionally oppose automation or show extreme enthusiasm for it. We would like to point out further research is needed in this area to help incorporate automation in journalistic work properly and thus enable quality and democratic journalism in the future.

Keywords:automation, journalism, algorithmization, algorithmic journalism, critical discourse analysis.

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