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Financiranje kolektivnih tožb s strani tretjih oseb
ID Furlan, Ana (Author), ID Vlahek, Ana (Mentor) More about this mentor... This link opens in a new window

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Abstract
Za financiranje tožb s strani tretjih oseb (TPLF) stricto sensu je značilno, da financer stranki pravdnega postopka zagotovi finančna sredstva v zameno za udeležbo na prisojenem oz. v poravnavi določenem znesku. Med TPLF v širšem smislu pa uvrščamo npr. tudi dogovore o plačilu odvetnika v deležu od prisojenega (t.i. contingency fee dogovori). V postopkih s kolektivnimi tožbami, za katere je značilno varstvo skupinskih interesov, so tudi prisojene odškodnine višje. Interes financerjev za investicijo v take tožbe je zato večji, pogosto pa šele ti oškodovancem dejansko omogočijo dostop do kolektivnega pravnega varstva. Na drugi strani finančna udeležba tretjih oseb v kolektivnih tožbah veča tveganje, da bi se vlagale kolektivne tožbe z manjšimi možnostmi za uspeh, da bi si financerji prisvojili (pre)veliko mero nadzora nad postopkom, ter da dejanski oškodovanci ne bi bili ustrezno poplačani, saj bi prisojena oz. v poravnavi določena vsota šla najprej financerju. Tako je še posebej pomembno vprašanje, kako je financiranje s strani tretjih oseb v kontekstu kolektivnih tožb tudi regulirano. V magistrski nalogi bo v prvem delu predstavljena praksa TPLF, njen razvoj ter argumenti za in proti njeni rabi. Drugi del magistrske naloge obravnava ureditev financiranja kolektivnih tožb s strani tretjih oseb v različnih pravnih sistemih. Pri tem je obravnavana tudi ureditev TPLF v bodoči direktivi o zastopniških tožbah za varstvo kolektivnih interesov potrošnikov.

Language:Slovenian
Keywords:financiranje tožbe s strani tretje osebe, plačilo odvetnika v deležu od prisojenega, kolektivna tožba, razredna tožba
Work type:Master's thesis/paper (mb22)
Organization:PF - Faculty of Law
Year:2020
COBISS.SI-ID:35782403 This link opens in a new window
Publication date in RUL:04.11.2020
Views:403
Downloads:125
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Secondary language

Language:English
Title:Third-party litigation funding in collective actions
Abstract:
Third-party litigation financing or funding (TPLF) stricto sensu can be described as providing funds to a party in litigation in exchange for financer's participation in the awarded compensation or the amount reached in the settlement proceedings. Other forms of TPLF in a broader sense include e.g. agreements under which a lawyer undertakes to represent a client at the lawyer’s own costs and risk, while the funded party undertakes to pay the lawyer a proportion of the amount awarded to the client or the settlement amount (i.e. contingency fee agreements). Collective actions are characterized by the protection of collective interests. The damages awarded in such proceedings are thus higher. Financers' interest to invest in such actions is therefore greater, while their funding is often times decisive when it comes to obtaining access to justice. On the other hand, the financial participation of third parties in collective actions increases the risk of filing actions with lower chances of success, financers gaining (too much) control over the proceedings, while the actual victims would not be adequately compensated, as the awarded or settled amount would first be distributed to the financer. Thus, the question of how TPLF is regulated in the context of collective actions is particularly important. In the first part of the thesis the practice of TPLF in general and its development are presented, as well as the reasons for and against it. The second part of the thesis explores the regulation of TPLF of collective actions in different legal systems. The thesis also presents the regulation of TPLF in the upcoming directive on representative actions for the protection of the collective interests of consumers.

Keywords:third-party litigation funding, contingency fee agreement, collective action, class action

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