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Analiza izbranih postopkov s kolektivnimi tožbami v Evropski uniji
ID Gorišek, Manca (Author), ID Vlahek, Ana (Mentor) More about this mentor... This link opens in a new window

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Abstract
Vprašanje kolektivnih pravnih sredstev v Evropski uniji je v zadnjih letih zaradi pobud evropskih institucij pridobilo veliko pozornosti. V praksi se ja namreč pokazalo, da je intervencija Evropske unije na tem področju potrebna, saj se instituti kolektivne tožbe v državah članicah zelo razlikujejo. Razlikujejo se po vrsti kolektivne tožbe, ki je na voljo, aktivni legitimaciji, uporabi sistema vključitve ali izključitve, financiranja tožbe itd. Heterogenost na tem področju je problematična, saj niso vsi državljani držav članic Evropske unije deležni enake pravne zaščite v primerih množičnih oškodovanj. Različne ureditve držav članic pa imajo tudi negativni vpliv na enotni notranji trg. V nalogi sem analizirala izbrane postopke s kolektivnimi tožbami v državah članicah Evropske unije in osvetlila razlike med njimi. Ugotovila sem, da je ukrepanje organov Evropske unije potrebno, da se zagotovi ustrezno urejene in uravnotežene mehanizme, ki prispevajo k učinkoviti zaščiti in izvrševanju pravic v primerih množičnih oškodovanj.

Language:Slovenian
Keywords:kolektivna tožba, kolektivno varstvo, zastopniška tožba, odškodninska tožba, opustitvena tožba, varstvo potrošnikov, pravo Evropske unije.
Work type:Master's thesis/paper (mb22)
Organization:PF - Faculty of Law
Year:2020
COBISS.SI-ID:40148739 This link opens in a new window
Publication date in RUL:04.11.2020
Views:363
Downloads:79
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Secondary language

Language:English
Title:Analysis of selected collective redress procedures in the European Union
Abstract:
The issue of collective redress procedures in the European Union has received a great deal of attention in recent years due to initiatives by the European Union institutions. In practice, however, it has become clear that the European Union intervention in this area is necessary, as institutes of collective redress vary greatly from one-Member State to another. They differ in type of collective action available, legal standing, use of an opt-in or an opt-out system, financing of the action, and so on. Heterogeneity in this area is problematic, as not all citizens of the Member States of the European Union enjoy equal legal protection in cases of mass harm. Moreover, different Member States arrangements also have a negative impact on the single internal market. In this thesis, I have analysed selected collective redress procedures in the Member States of the European Union and highlighted the differences between them. I have identified the need for actions by the European Union institutions to ensure that mechanisms are properly regulated and balanced to contribute to the effective protection and enforcement of rights in cases of mass harm.

Keywords:collective redress, collective action, representative action, compensatory action, injunction action, consumer protection, European Union law.

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