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Rokomet na invalidskih vozičkih kot okupacija pri osebah s poškodbo hrbtenjače : diplomsko delo
Mandelc, Neža (Author), Lebar, Cecilija (Mentor) More about this mentor... This link opens in a new window, Plemelj Mohorič, Alenka (Reviewer)

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Abstract
Uvod: Poškodba hrbtenjače povzroča gibalno oviranost, ki dolgotrajno vpliva na posameznikovo telesno in duševno zdravje. Zaradi izgube sposobnosti gibanja in občutenja lahko posameznik razvije neaktiven življenjski slog, ki ima negativen vpliv na telesno kondicijo, socialno vključenost in kakovost življenja. Zmanjša se sposobnost vključevanja v smiselne okupacije zunaj domačega okolja, kot so okupacije s produktivnega področja in prostega časa. Mnoge študije dokazujejo, da šport pozitivno vpliva na izboljšanje zdravja in samopodobe, omogoča socialno vključenost in višjo kakovost življenja oseb s poškodbo hrbtenjače. Namen: Raziskati igranje rokometa na invalidskih vozičkih z vidika okupacije in pozitivne učinke tega športa za posameznika. Raziskati ovire, s katerimi se osebe s poškodbo hrbtenjače spoprijemajo pri igranju rokometa na invalidskih vozičkih. Metode dela: Uporabljen je bil kvalitativni pristop. Izveden je bil polstrukturiran intervju s tremi osebami s poškodbo hrbtenjače, ki igrajo rokomet na invalidskih vozičkih. Uporabljena je bila kvalitativna vsebinska analiza. Pri kodiranju je bil uporabljen deduktivni pristop, kjer so nam koncepti Modela človekove okupacije predstavljali kategorije in podkategorije, v katere smo potem razvrščali z analizo dobljene pojme. Rezultati: V analizi so izšle štiri kategorije, in sicer volja, vzorci izvajanja, zmogljivost za izvajanje in vpliv okolja na okupacijsko vedenje, ter 16 podkategorij, in sicer osebna moč, vrednote, interesi, predvidevanja, izbira okupacije, izkušnje, interpretiranje, rutine, vloge, objektivni vidik izvajanja okupacije, subjektivni vidik izvajanja okupacije, prostori, predmeti, socialne skupine, načini izvajanja okupacije in ekonomske razmere, ki se povezujejo v dinamično celoto in vplivajo na izvajanje rokometa na invalidskih vozičkih. Razprava in zaključek: Vključevanje v športne aktivnosti je za osebe s poškodbo hrbtenjače življenjskega pomena, saj tako krepijo svoje fizične in psihosocialne sposobnosti, kar zagotavlja višjo kakovost življenja. Igralci rokometa na invalidskih vozičkih so izpostavili nizko število oseb s poškodbo hrbtenjače, ki se vključujejo v šport. K večjemu interesu za vključevanje v športne aktivnosti lahko pripomoremo tudi delovni terapevti s spodbujanjem oseb s poškodbo hrbtenjače k sodelovanju v športnih aktivnostih.

Language:Slovenian
Keywords:diplomska dela, delovna terapija, paraplegija, invalidski šport, socialna vključenost, kakovost življenja
Work type:Bachelor thesis/paper (mb11)
Tipology:2.11 - Undergraduate Thesis
Organization:ZF - University College of Health Studies
Year:2020
Publisher:[N. Mandelc]
Number of pages:41 str., [9] str. pril.
UDC:615.851
COBISS.SI-ID:35581699 This link opens in a new window
Views:323
Downloads:154
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Secondary language

Language:English
Title:Wheelchair handball as an occupation of people with spinal cord injury : diploma work
Abstract:
Introduction: Spinal cord injury causes a physical impairment that has a long-term effect on individual's physical and mental health. Due to the loss of motor and sensory abilities an individual can develop a passive life style, which negatively affects physical condition, social inclusion and quality of life. Another consequence of spinal cord injury is the reduced ability to participate in meaningful occupations outside the home, such as working and leisure activities. Many studies showed that dealing with sport has a positive impact on improvement of health, self-image, social inclusion and quality of life for people with spinal cord injury. Purpose: To research wheelchair handball from perspective of an occupation and positive effects of this sport for the individual. To research barriers of engaging in wheelchair handball, that people with spinal cord injury are confronting with. Methods: A qualitative approach was used. A semi-structured interview was conducted with three persons with spinal cord injury, which play wheelchair handball. A qualitative thematic analysis was used. A deductive approach was used in coding, where the concepts of Model of human occupation presented categories and subcategories, in which we then sorted concepts, obtained by the analysis. Results: Four categories were defined, namely volition, habituation, performance capacity and impact of the environment on occupational behaviour, and 16 subcategories, which are personal causation, values, interests, anticipation, occupational choice, experience, interpretation, routines, roles, objective components of performance capacity, subjective approach to performance capacity, spaces, objects, social groups, occupational forms and economic conditions, which form a dynamic interaction and influence the performance of wheelchair handball. Discussion and conclusion: Engaging in sports activities is vital for people with spinal cord injury, as thus they strengthen their physical and psychosocial abilities, which reflects in higher quality of life. Players of wheelchair handball highlighted the low number of people with spinal cord injury, getting involved in the sport. Occupational therapists can also contribute to greater interest in engaging in sports activities by encouraging people with spinal cord injury to participate in sports activities.

Keywords:diploma theses, occupational therapy, paraplegia, wheelchair sports, social inclusion, quality of life

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