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Starševsko vedenje v povezavi s šolsko prilagojenostjo njihovih otrok : magistrsko delo
Pletikos, Kim (Author), Pečjak, Sonja (Mentor) More about this mentor... This link opens in a new window

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Abstract
Odnosi v družini vplivajo na to, kako otrok sprejema šolo, vzgojitelje, učitelje, kako se vede in na njegovo šolsko prilagojenost. Znotraj družinskega okolja je vzgoja proces, preko katerega lahko otrok oblikuje svoja prepričanja, stališča, vrednote, interese in motivacijo. V zadnjem času so v vzgojo vse bolj vključeni tudi očetje, zato je pomembno, da razumemo tudi njihov doprinos k vzgoji. V magistrskem delu me je zanimala povezanost med različnimi starševskimi vedenji očetov in mater ter otrokovo šolsko prilagojenostjo (učno in socialno). Zanimalo me je tudi ali se skladnost starševskih vedenj očeta in matere povezuje z otrokovo šolsko prilagojenostjo. V raziskavi je sodelovalo 234 učencev, ki so v šolskem letu 2019/2020 obiskovali 6. in 7. razred osnovne šole in 18 razrednikov. Podatke sem zbirala s pomočjo Vprašalnika starševskega vedenja – PBDQ, Lestvice socialnega vedenja v šoli – SSBS2 in otrokove povprečne učne ocene v preteklem šolskem letu. Ugotovila sem, da se zaznana pozitivna starševska vedenja (demokratična disciplina, podpora pri avtonomiji in čustvena toplina) tako pri materah, kot tudi pri očetih, pomembno povezujejo z otrokovo učno in socialno prilagojenostjo. Med negativnimi starševskimi vedenji se je z otrokovo učno in socialno prilagojenostjo povezovala le kaznovalna disciplina mame. Skladnost starševskih vedenj je bila tako v primeru pozitivnih, kot tudi v primeru večine negativnih starševskih vedenj povezana s boljšo učno in socialno prilagojenostjo. Le skladnost kaznovalne discipline pri očetu in materi se ni povezovala z otrokovo šolsko prilagojenostjo. Ugotovitve bodo prispevale k nekoliko boljšemu razumevanju družinskih dejavnikov, ki vplivajo na otrokovo šolsko prilagojenost, s tem pa lahko doprinesemo k ozaveščanju staršev o pomembnosti vzgoje za izide pri otroku, tudi v šolskem okolju. Obenem nudijo naše ugotovitve tudi pomembna izhodišča za nadaljnje raziskovanje.

Language:Slovenian
Keywords:šolska prilagojenost, starševstvo, starši, vzgoja otrok, socialna prilagojenost
Work type:Master's thesis/paper (mb22)
Tipology:2.09 - Master's Thesis
Organization:FF - Faculty of Arts
Year:2020
Publisher:[K. Pletikos]
Number of pages:75 str.
UDC:316.614.032:37.015.3(043.2)
COBISS.SI-ID:39546115 Link is opened in a new window
Views:108
Downloads:45
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Secondary language

Language:English
Title:Parenting Behaviors and Children's School Adjustment
Abstract:
Relationships within the family can influence a child's perceptions about the school, kindergarten and school teachers, how he behaves in different environments, and his school adjustment. In the family environment, parenting is a process, through which a child can shape his beliefs, values, interest and motivation. Recently, fathers are involved in upbringing more than ever. Thus it is essential to understand the nature of their contribution to parenting. In my master's thesis, we were interested in the mothers' and fathers' parenting behavior in relation to their children's school adjustment (social adjustment and academic achievements). The aim is to determine if the harmony of parenting practices of mothers and fathers is related to their children's school adjustment. The study participants were 234 elementary school students (entered in the 6th and 7th grade in the school year 2019/2020) and 18 teachers. The data was collected using Parenting Behaviors and Dimensions Questionnaire – PBDQ, School Social Behavior Scales 2 – SSBS2 and each child's average student grade in the last school year. Perceived positive parenting behaviors (democratic discipline, autonomy support and emotional warmth) in mothers and fathers are connected to their child's social adjustment and academic achievement. Within the negative parenting behaviors, only the mother's punitive discipline is connected to the child's social adjustment and academic achievement. Harmony of mother's and father's parenting behaviors is positively connected to their child's social adjustment and academic achievement. The exception was the harmony of the mother's and father's punitive discipline, which is not connected to a child's school adjustment. My master's thesis builds upon the awareness-raising about the importance of parenting behaviors related to children's outcomes in the school environment.

Keywords:school adjustment, parenting, parents, childrearing practices, social adjustment

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