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Šport in politika. Primer svetovnih nogometnih prvenstev.
Kapun, Monica (Author), Kovačič, Gorazd (Mentor) More about this mentor... This link opens in a new window

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Abstract
Cilj naloge je bil proučiti vplive politike na vrhunska športna tekmovanja ter vpliv teh tekmovanj na politiko na primeru svetovnih nogometnih prvenstev. Podrobneje smo opazovali prepletenost nogometa in politike na izbor držav prirediteljic svetovnih prvenstev, na potek prvenstev, na športne izide, na življenje v državah gostiteljicah po organizaciji dogodka ter na športne interese nogometa na račun politike. V nalogi smo skozi zgodovino svetovnih prvenstev izpostavili politične dogodke, prijeme mednarodnih ter nacionalnih politik v posameznem časovnem obdobju, s katerimi so te vplivale na svetovna nogometna prvenstva, posredno na rezultate na teh tekmovanjih ter na sam postopek izbora njihovih prirediteljic. Temeljne ugotovitve naloge dokazujejo, da skoraj v nobeni državi na svetu nogomet ni imun na vpliv politike. V diktatorskih režimih so posegi v nogomet neposredni in grobi, v demokracijah pa je vpliv subtilnejši ter posreden. Razen redkih izjem je bil ekonomski izkupiček držav gostiteljic svetovnih prvenstev negativen glede na vse potrebne vložke za izpeljavo prvenstva. V obdobju priprave na prvenstvo se je brezposelnost povsod zmanjšala, povečal se je obseg investicij v infrastrukturo, v izgradnjo namestitev ter v turizem. Med prvenstvom se je praviloma zvišala stopnja reda v državi, javne službe so se okrepile, povečal se je občutek varnosti in zaupanja. Za prebivalstvo države organizatorke se je praviloma po prvenstvu življenje podražilo. Pozitivni učinki organizacije svetovnega prvenstva so bili najpogosteje povečanje ponosa prebivalcev države prirediteljice, povečanje notranje stabilnosti, izboljšanje javne podobe nacije, povečanje ugleda ter prepoznavnosti v širši mednarodni skupnosti, promocija in utrditev posameznih režimov.

Language:Slovenian
Keywords:svetovno nogometno prvenstvo, nogomet, politični vplivi, športna diplomacija, država gostiteljica.
Work type:Bachelor thesis/paper (mb11)
Organization:FF - Faculty of Arts
Year:2020
Publisher:[M. Kapun]
Number of pages:54 f.
COBISS.SI-ID:57273859 This link opens in a new window
Views:85
Downloads:70
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Secondary language

Language:English
Title:Sport and politics. The case of world cups.
Abstract:
The main goal of the thesis was to study the effects of politics on major sporting events, on the example of football world cups. First and foremost, the thesis tackled the influence that politics exercised on the selection of host states of football world cups through history. In addition, the thesis was concerned with the effects of the close relationship of politics to football on the society of the host states as a whole. In this regard, we were monitoring what economic and social effects has the organization of the tournament had on the life standard of the citizens and how the politicians used it for their own interests. Consequently the thesis consists of an examination conducted through a historical prism of both international and local political grips and actions. We were also interested in the effect those practices had on football world cups, the results and on the selection of host countries. The main conclusion of the thesis is based on a finding that there are hardly any countries where football is immune to political influence. These patterns can be found in both dictatorships and democracies: in the latter it is more subtle and indirect, meanwhile it is considerably more detectable and direct in the former. The economic ramifications of organising such events were in almost all countries negative, once all the needed investments have been taken into account. In the period of preparations for the event the level of unemployment has fallen, while the number of investments into infrastructure, construction of accommodations, tourism and agriculture has risen. During the tournament itself there is a visible improvement of public services, a rise in quality of public order and the feeling of security amongst the citizens. After the event has finished a rise in costs of living can be noticeable. The main positive after-effects thus consist mainly of stronger sense of national pride and belonging amongst the citizens. As a result there is a stronger inner stability in the state, as well as a more prominent and confident outer image of the country, its promotion in the international community and the fortification of the established regime.

Keywords:The World Cup, football, political influence, sport diplomacy, host country.

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