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Razvoj gozdnega meništva na Šrilanki
ID Štorman, Maruša (Author), ID Petek, Nina (Mentor) More about this mentor... This link opens in a new window

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Abstract
V diplomskem delu bom predstavila razvoj in posebnosti gozdnega meništva v tradiciji budizma na Šrilanki. Izpostavila bom posamezne primere menihov, ki so imeli ključno vlogo pri razvoju gozdnega meništva, ter predstavila razloge za umik v naravo. Gozdni menihi so se odmaknali od življenja v vaseh in zavetja poiskali v votlinah ali hermitažih, globoko v gozdovih, oddaljenih od družbe. V svojem življenju sledijo naukom utemeljitelja budizma, Siddhārthi Gautami Buddhi, ki je bil zapisan po njegovi smrti v zbirki besedil Tipiṭaka (Tri košare) in predstavlja doktrinarno osnovo budizma theravāda. Na Šrilanki, kjer je budizem prevladajoča tradicija, je danes veliko samostanov, med njimi tudi gozdnih. Gozdna budistična tradicija se strogo drži disciplinskih pravil vinaya in poudarja pomen meditativne prakse kot poti, ki vodi do osvoboditve. Skromno življenje v gozdnih samostanih menihom omogoča raziskovanje vzrokov trpljenja in njihovo premoščanje. Posvečajo se lastni poti in napredovanju, neobremenjeno preživljajo vsakdanje življenje in prakticirajo meditacijo, ki vodi do popolne osvoboditve.

Language:Slovenian
Keywords:gozdni menihi, budizem theravāda, Šrilanka, asketizem, meditacijske prakse
Work type:Bachelor thesis/paper (mb11)
Organization:FF - Faculty of Arts
Year:2020
Publication date in RUL:02.10.2020
Views:257
Downloads:61
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Secondary language

Language:English
Title:The Development of Forest Monasticism in Sri Lanka
Abstract:
The diploma thesis presents the development and peculiarities of forest Buddhism in Sri Lanka. It highlights individual examples of monks who played a key role in the development of forest monasticism and presents the reasons for retreating to nature. Forest monks moved away from village life and sought refuge in caves or hermitages deep in the forests, away from society. In their lives they follow the teachings of the founder of Buddhism, Siddhārtha Gautama Buddha, which were written down after his death in the collection of texts entitled Tipiṭaka (Three Baskets) and represent the doctrinal basis of Theravāda Buddhism. In Sri Lanka, where Buddhism is the predominant tradition, there are many monasteries today, including forest ones. The forest Buddhist tradition strictly adheres to the disciplinary rules of Vinaya and emphasizes the importance of meditative practice as a path leading to liberation. Modest living in forest monasteries allows monks to explore the causes of suffering and bridge them. They dedicate themselves to their own path and progress, spend their daily lives unencumbered, and practice meditation that will lead them to complete liberation.

Keywords:forest monks, Theravāda Buddhism, Sri Lanka, asceticism, meditation practices

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