Digital Engineering is a new phenomenon that is pushing the Engineering and Construction industry to embrace new technology and workflow to update and upgrade the conventional work methods. Though "Digital Engineering" is the biggest buzz word in the Engineering and Construction (E&C) industry but when it comes to digitisation and investment in digitisation, Engineering and Construction (E&C) industry one of the poorly digitised industry of the world. Building Information Modelling (BIM) is the tool and process that are linking the E&C sector to the digital world and making a move towards data-driven engineering approach from the traditional methods. The basic concept of BIM is to collaborate and share data and information throughout the whole life-cycle of the project, from conception to design, build and maintenance. Often, Building Information Modelling (BIM) relates to work that directly corresponds to the superstructure leaving behind the information and data from the ground. The geotechnical engineering process is in the front line of any engineering project. Geotechnical site investigation is the first course of action for any engineering project to collect the data to evaluate the feasibility and constructability of a project. Data collection, management, exchange, and interpretation process in the geotechnical and geological engineering sector is not entirely digitised and still following traditional methods. An extensive review of geotechnical data collection and management process is conducted through the lens of digitisation and BIM in this research project. The research proposed an Integrated and Standardised Geological and Geotechnical Data Management framework to integrate and implement BIM principles into the workflow on an engineering company where data will be available, accessible, and exchangeable throughout the life-cycle of the project.