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Vpliv črpalne hidroelektrarne Avče na okolje
Koncut, Veronika (Author), Ogrin, Matej (Mentor) More about this mentor... This link opens in a new window

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Abstract
Vsak poseg v okolje ima posledice, ki so z okoljskega vidika lahko negativne. Ko govorimo o pridobivanju električne energije s pomočjo hidroelektrarn oziroma črpalnih hidroelektrarn, se moramo zavedati, kakšne posledice ima to lahko za prostor, v katerega bo objekt umeščen. Hidroenergija spada med obnovljive vire energije in velja za eno najčistejših. Kljub temu lahko še vedno vpliva na ekosistem (raba tal, biotska raznovrstnost, fizikalne in biološke spremembe v vodotoku, spremembe habitatov v vodi in ob njej itd.). V zaključni seminarski nalogi me je zanimalo, kako na okolje vpliva delovanje črpalne hidroelektrarne Avče. Zanimala me je sprememba v rabi tal v okolici objektov ter vplivi na ekosistem reke Soče. Spremembe v rabi tal so vidne v okolici objektov; zmanjšala se je površina travnikov, pašnikov ter gozda. Ker je bila pregrada Ajba, ki jo je prvotno uporabljala HE Plave I, zgrajena že leta 1939, med gradnjo ČHE Avče ni bilo velikih posegov v strugo reke Soče. ČHE obratuje ob reki Soči, ki spada med ekološko pomembna območja in je pomemben habitat različnim vodnim organizmom.

Language:Slovenian
Keywords:obnovljiv vir energije, hidroenergija, črpalna hidroelektrarna, reka Soča, akumulacijski bazen, trajnostni razvoj
Work type:Bachelor thesis/paper (mb11)
Organization:FF - Faculty of Arts
Year:2020
Views:209
Downloads:60
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Secondary language

Language:English
Title:Environmental impacts of a pumped-storage hydropower plant in case of pumped-storage hydropower plant Avče
Abstract:
Any interference with the environment has some consequences that may turn out to be negative. When we talk about electricity production by hydropower plants or pumped-storage hydropower plants, we must be aware of the impacts it may have on the environment around the power plant facilities. Hydropower is one of the renewable energy sources and is considered one of the cleanest. However, it can still affect the ecosystem (land use, biodiversity, physical and biological changes in the watercourse, water habitats changes, etc.). In the final seminar paper, I was interested in the environmental impacts that the pumped-storage hydropower plant Avče has produced. I was interested in land-use changes around the power plant facilities and impacts on the Soča River ecosystem. Land-use changes are visible in the vicinity of power plant facilities. The area of meadows, pastures, and forests has decreased. Since the Ajba dam, which was originally used by hydropower plant Plave I, was built already in 1939, there were no major changes in the Soča riverbed during the construction of pumped-storage hydropower plant Avče. The pumped-storage hydropower plant operates by the Soča river, which belongs to ecologically important areas and it represents an important habitat for various aquatic organisms.

Keywords:renewable energy resources, hydroelectric energy, pumped-storage hydropower plant, Soča river, accumulation basin, sustainable development

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