izpis_h1_title_alt

Hranilna vrednost celodnevnih obrokov v domu starejših občanov
Jakopič, Kristina (Author), Pajk Žontar, Tanja (Mentor) More about this mentor... This link opens in a new window, Korošec, Mojca (Co-mentor)

.pdfPDF - Presentation file, Download (1,91 MB)

Abstract
Namen magistrskega dela je bil ugotoviti skladnost hranilne in energijske vrednosti celodnevnih obrokov stanovalcev v Domu starejših občanov Ljubljana - Šiška s priporočili. Sodelujočim v raziskavi smo določili indeks telesne mase (28,1 ± 5,0) ter izmerili obseg pasu (stanovalke: 95,4 ± 11,6 cm; stanovalci: 89,8 ± 6,2 cm). S tehtanjem ponujenih obrokov in kasneje ostankov hrane smo določili dejansko količino zaužite hrane ter s pomočjo Odprte platforme za klinično prehrano (OPKP) določili vsebnost energije in makrohranil v celodnevnih zaužitih obrokih. Rezultati kemijske analize celodnevnih ponujenih obrokov so nam omogočili primerjavo rezultatov, dobljenih z OPKP ter ujemanje s priporočili. Na osnovi celokupnih srednjih vrednosti je večina sodelujočih v raziskavi s celodnevnimi zaužitimi obroki (prvi teden: 7545 ± 860 kJ; drugi: 7133 ± 1049 kJ) dosegala priporočene dnevne energijske vnose, določene glede na spol, starost in ocenjeno raven telesne dejavnosti. Velja sicer poudariti, da bi bilo natančno doseganje obstoječih kriterijev za vsakega sodelujočega mogoče določiti le na osnovi individualnih podatkov. Pri večini sodelujočih v raziskavi smo določili nizko raven telesne dejavnosti. Rezultati so pokazali, da je odstotek energije iz ogljikovih hidratov v celodnevnih zaužitih obrokih prenizek (prvi teden: 44,5 ± 3,7 %; drugi: 47,5 ± 7,2 %). Nasprotno je bil odstotek energije iz maščob previsok (prvi teden: 39,3 ± 4,6 %; drugi: 35,5 ± 6,2 %). Odstotek energije iz beljakovin (prvi teden: 16,3 ± 2,6 %; drugi: 17,0 ± 2,8 %) je bil skladen s priporočili, prav tako tudi vnosi beljakovin (prvi teden: 71 ± 10 g; drugi: 71 ± 13 g) pri večini sodelujočih v raziskavi glede na njihovo telesno maso. Pri sodelujočih v raziskavi smo preverili tudi všečnost kosil in večerij ter njihove ocene primerjali z ocenami strokovnega panela. Oboji so dodelili visoke povprečne ocene za obroke med katerimi niso obstajale statistično značilne razlike pri p ⡤ 0,05.

Language:Slovenian
Keywords:prehrana, prehrana starejših, starejši, dom starejših občanov, celodnevni obroki, dnevni vnos hranil, energijska vrednost, hranilna vrednost, prehranske smernice, kemijska analiza, senzorična analiza, spletno orodje OPKP
Work type:Master's thesis/paper (mb22)
Tipology:2.09 - Master's Thesis
Organization:BF - Biotechnical Faculty
Year:2020
Publisher:[K. Jakopič]
UDC:613.2-053.9:641.1:543.2:543.92
COBISS.SI-ID:33115139 Link is opened in a new window
Views:123
Downloads:82
Metadata:XML RDF-CHPDL DC-XML DC-RDF
 
Average score:(0 votes)
Your score:Voting is allowed only to logged in users.
:
Share:AddThis
AddThis uses cookies that require your consent. Edit consent...

Secondary language

Language:English
Title:Nutritional value of whole-day meals in elderly nurising home
Abstract:
The purpose of the master's thesis was to determine macronutrient and energy consistency of full-day meals of residents in the Elderly nursing home Ljubljana – Šiška with the recommendations. We determined body mass index of the participants included in the research (28,1 ± 5,0) and measured waist circumference (female: 95.4 ± 11.6 cm; male: 89.8 ± 6.2 cm). By weighing the offered meals and later leftovers, we determined the actual amount of consumed food and determined the energy and macronutrients content of the whole day's meals, using the Open Platform for Clinical Nutrition (OPKP). The results obtained with the OPKP were compared with the results of chemical analysis of whole-day’s offered meals, as well as recommendations. Based on the overall median values, the majority of participants included in the research met the recommended daily energy intake determined by gender, age and estimated physical activity level with their full-day meals (first week: 7545 ± 860 kJ; second: 7133 ± 1049 kJ). It has to be stressed, however, that the exact accordance with the existing criteria for each participant should be based on individual, not mean data. We found a low physical activity level in most of the participants included in the research. We have come to the conclusion that the energy content of carbohydrates in full-day meals was too low (first week: 44.5 ± 3.7 %; second: 47.5 ± 7.2 %). On the contrary, the energy content of fats was too high (first week: 39.3 ± 4.6 %; second: 35.5 ± 6.2 %). Protein energy has been shown to be in line with the recommendations (first week: 16.3 ± 2.6 %; second: 17.0 ± 2.8 %), as the protein intake (first week: 71 ± 10 g; second: 71 ± 13 g) met recommended daily intake for the majority of the participants according to their body weight. The lunches and dinners offered were assessed by both the residents and expert panel. Both have given high average marks for meals between which there were no statistically significant differences at p ⡤ 0.05.

Keywords:nutrition, elderly nutrition, elderly, nursing home, whole-day meals, daily nutrient intake, energy value, nutritional value, nutritional recommendations, chemical analysis, sensory analysis, online tool OPKP

Similar documents

Similar works from RUL:
Similar works from other Slovenian collections:

Comments

Leave comment

You have to log in to leave a comment.

Comments (0)
0 - 0 / 0
 
There are no comments!

Back