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Omejitve nujnega dedovanja de lege lata in de lege ferenda
Novak, Erik (Author), Žnidaršič Skubic, Viktorija (Mentor) More about this mentor... This link opens in a new window

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Abstract
Slovenska ureditev nujnega dedovanja je kljub velikim družbenim spremembam v zadnjih štirih desetletjih ostala skorajda nespremenjena, zaradi česar se, tako kot tudi ponekod drugod po Evropi, pojavljajo težnje po spremembah tega področja, da bi normativno urejenost uskladili z dejanskimi potrebami in aktualno vrednostno podstatjo družbe. Zapustnik lahko načeloma prosto razpolaga s svojim premoženjem, pri tem pa je močno omejen z institutom nujnega dedovanja, ki mu onemogoča razpolagati z določenim delom njegovega premoženja in zagotavlja določenim zapustnikovim bližnjim določen delež na njegovem premoženju tudi proti njegovi volji, če ti bližnji niso dedno nevredni ali razdedinjeni. Ne glede na to ima zapustnik možnost izključiti nujne dediče od dedovanja z razdedinjenjem, vendar morajo biti pri tem izpolnjeni (izrecno določeni) pogoji, ki jih sodišča ozko razlagajo. Zaradi navedenih omejitev razpolaganja s premoženjem za primer smrti so nekateri zapustniki našli izhod v obligacijskih pogodbah z dednopravnimi učinki, ki jih uporabijo, ker želijo obiti kogentna pravila o nujnem dedovanju. Primerljive pravne ureditve kažejo na tendenco sprememb v smeri zmanjševanja višine nujnega deleža, oženja kroga nujnih dedičev ter širjenja možnosti razdedinjenja, vse z namenom večanja zapustnikove svobode razpolaganja s premoženjem, kar bi lahko smiselno podobno de lege ferenda uredila tudi Slovenija.

Language:Slovenian
Keywords:omejitev nujnega dedovanja, razdedinjenje, nujni delež, nujno dedovanje de lege ferenda
Work type:Master's thesis/paper (mb22)
Organization:PF - Faculty of Law
Year:2020
COBISS.SI-ID:30436611 This link opens in a new window
Views:368
Downloads:155
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Secondary language

Language:English
Title:Limitations of the forced heirship de lege lata and de lege ferenda
Abstract:
Despite major social changes in the past forty years, the Slovenian regulation of the forced heirship remained almost unchanged. Like in some other European countries this has led to desires to changes in this field and appeals for adjustment of the normative regulation to the actual needs and current value system of the society. In principle deceased has his estate at his free disposal, but he is severely limited with the institute of the forced heirship, which disables him from free disposal of a part of his estate. As well the forced heirship provides a part of the deceased’s estate to the certain deceased's relatives against his will, if these relatives are not unworthy to inherit or are nor disinherited. Despite the abovementioned, the deceased has a possibility to exclude the forced heirs from the inheritance with the disinheritance. However, certain conditions, expressly provided by the law and restrictively interpreted by the court, must be met. Due to abovementioned limitations of the disposal with the estate mortis causa some deceased found an exit in contractual obligations with certain inheritance effects, which they use when they want to avoid the peremptory norms of the forced heirship. Comparable law systems show a tendency of changes in direction of the diminution of the forced share, shortening the number of the forced heirs and expansion of the disinheritance’s conditions. All aiming for the extension of the deceased's freedom of the disposal with his estate. This should be in similar manner de lege ferenda regulated in Slovenia.

Keywords:limitation of the forced heirship, disinheritance, forced share, forced heirship de lege ferenda

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