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Primerjava Loosove vile Müller in Miesove hiše Farnsworth
Šega, Domen (Author), Vidrih, Rebeka (Mentor) More about this mentor... This link opens in a new window

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Abstract
Skozi primerjavo dveh ključnih del arhitekture 20. stoletja, obeh arhitektov in njunih zančilnih načinov pristopanja k načrtovanju arhitekture sem v svoji zaključni nalogi želel prikazati razvoj moderne arhitekture in hkrati ugotoviti, zakaj se je v moderni arhitekturi uspelo obdržati le enemu od obravnavanih pristopov. Adolf Loos in Ludwig Mies van der Rohe sta oba igrala pomembno vlogo pri vpeljavi novih idej v razvoj moderne arhitekture. Prvi s svojim principom Raumplana in ostrim nasprotovanjem okrasu, drugi pa s svojim prispevkom k razvoju načrtovanja po načinu plan libre in popularizaciji mednarodnega sloga, ki je omenjeni način prevzel in razvijal. Loosova vila Müller in Miesova hiša Farnsworth obe predstavljata enega najlepših primerkov omenjenih principov načrtovanja pri obeh arhitektih, hkrati pa obe deli predstavljata vrh njune bivalne arhitekture. Oba arhitekta sta izhajala iz dokaj podobnih razmer, le da ja Mies k arhitekturi že zgodaj pristopil s praktičnim namenom, medtem ko se je Loos sprva uveljavil kot teoretik. Pri obeh hišah je šlo za zasebno naročilo, vendar je bila Loosova namenjena kot družinsko bivališče, Miesova pa kot prostor osebnega odmika. Obe zgradbi v večji ali manjši meri zaznamuje funkcionalistična miselnost, pri Loosu je ta še v povojih, pri Miesu pa gre že za izčiščene moderne forme in ideje. Prav tako sta obe zgradbi zaznamovali arhitekturo prihodnjih rodov, Loosova predvsem idejno, Miesova pa je tudi že povsem neposredno močno vplivala na nadaljnjo arhitekturno produkcijo.

Language:Slovenian
Keywords:Adolf Loos, Ludwig Mies van der Rohe, vila Müller, hiša Farnsworth, funkcionalizem
Work type:Bachelor thesis/paper (mb11)
Organization:FF - Faculty of Arts
Year:2020
Views:106
Downloads:45
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Secondary language

Language:English
Title:Comparison of Loos' Villa Müller and Mies' Farnsworth House
Abstract:
Through comparison of two of the most important architectural works of 20th century, and of both architects and their principles of planing architecture I tried to show a development of modern architecture and guess why only one way of their thinking remained in practise during rest of the century. Adolf Loos and Ludwig Mies van der Rohe both played an important role introducing new ideas to architectural planing. Loos with his idea of Raumplan and harsh judgement of ornament, Mies with his contribution to planing in a way of plan libre and popularization of International Style, which foremost used plan libre. Loos' Villa Müller and Mies' Farnsworth House are both one of the finest examples of both principles and at the same time are two of the best examples of mentioned architects' housing architecture. Both architects came form similar backgrounds, but Mies immediately started with practical approach to architecture, while Loos firstly became famous as a theorist. Both houses were private commissions, Loos' as a family house and Mies' as a place of personal detatchment. Both are in different ways marked by functionalist ideas, which are fairly new in Loos' case, but with Mies they have already reached clear modern forms and ideas. Both houses influenced architecture of younger generations, Loos' mostly in terms of ideas, and on the other hand Mies directly influenced following arhitecutral production.

Keywords:Adolf Loos, Ludwig Mies van der Rohe, Villa Müller, Farnsworth House, functionalism

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