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Bogomilska herezija v Bolgariji in Bizantinskem cesarstvu
ID Bartol, Jan (Author), ID Mlacović, Dušan (Mentor) More about this mentor... This link opens in a new window

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Abstract
Diplomsko delo se osredotoča na nastanek in razvoj bogomilske herezije v srednjeveški Bolgariji in Bizantinskem cesarstvu kot tudi vprašuje organizacijsko strukturo in resnične razsežnosti družbenega vpliva, ki ga je to gibanje imelo na lokalno prebivalstvo teh področij. V historiografiji se je namreč zakoreninila tendenca zapolnjevati luknje okoli pomanjkljivih in nasprotujočih si virov, kar je pripeljalo do vprašljivih interpretacij te asketsko-samostanske dualistične herezije, ki je bila šele v drugi polovici dvajsetega stoletja postavljena pod vprašaj. V prvi vrsti gre tukaj za pripisovanje družbeno subverzivnega značaja hereziji, kot tudi umeščanje le-te v narodno-graditeljsko tradicijo bolgarskega naroda, medtem ko se po tehtnem pregledu lastnosti te herezije bolj realistično zdi, da je zavzemala manjšo, bolj trivialno vlogo. Kot bomo videli, so lahko nedoslednosti virov posledica ali nepoučenosti ali negativno nastrojene narave njihovih stvariteljev – večinoma pravoslavnega duhovništva – proti bogomilom. Obenem je zgodnje zgodovinopisje bogomilsko herezijo dojemalo kot statičen pojav, medtem ko je bila v resnici ta zelo upogljiva in je zato skozi stoletja menjala svoj značaj, kar je na koncu pripeljalo tudi do moralne degeneracije in razpada herezije. Ustrezno je torej treba vire ločevati glede na območje in čas nastanka.

Language:Slovenian
Keywords:Bogomili, Bolgarija, religija, dualizem, herezija, Bizantinsko cesarstvo, srednji vek
Work type:Bachelor thesis/paper
Organization:FF - Faculty of Arts
Year:2020
PID:20.500.12556/RUL-120492 This link opens in a new window
Publication date in RUL:21.09.2020
Views:722
Downloads:108
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Secondary language

Language:English
Title:The Bogomil Heresy in Bulgaria and the Byzantine Empire
Abstract:
The following thesis focusses on the emergence, development and disintegration of the Bogomil heresy movement in Medieval Bulgaria and the Byzantine Empire, as well as questions the organizational structure and the actual extent of the social influence that the movement exerted upon the local populace. Because of often lacking and incongruous sources, a tendency to fill in the blanks developed in historiography, which led to dubious interpretations of this ascetic-monastic dualist heresy which has only been put under question in the second half of the twentieth century. These interpretations foremost pinned a wide socio-subversive aspect onto the heresy, as well as credited it as one of the central nation-building blocks of the Bulgarian nation, while, after considering its characteristics, it seems more realistic to ascribe to it a minor, more trivial role. As will be shown, the inconsistencies of the sources were a result of either misinformation or the negative predisposition of their creators – most of whom were Orthodox clergymen – against the Bogomils. Additionally, early historiography dealing with the heresy perceived it as a static phenomenon, whereas it has later been proven that it was in fact a very pliable movement, changing its face throughout the centuries, which ultimately brought about its downfall. The sources must therefore be read in their historical and spatial context.

Keywords:Bogomils, Bulgaria, religion, dualism, heresy, the Byzantine Empire, Middle Ages

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