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Položaj žensk med drugo svetovno vojno (Sežana z okolico)
ID Kariž, Lara (Author), ID Ajlec, Kornelija (Mentor) More about this mentor... This link opens in a new window

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Abstract
Diplomska naloga obravnava položaj žensk med drugo svetovno vojno v Sežani in nekaterih okoliških vaseh. Obravnavano območje je bilo med obema vojnama pod italijansko oblastjo, ki je uvedla represijo, zatiranje slovenstva in italijanizacijo, čemur pa so se ljudje močno upirali. Po kapitulaciji Italije je ozemlje zasedel nemški okupator, ki je pritisk nad prebivalstvom še povečal. Diplomska naloga obravnava vpliv vojne na demografijo področja, in sicer na podlagi tiskanih in ustnih virov ter matičnih knjig, Od leta 1943 pa vse do leta 1945 število porok in krstov močno upade, vzroki smrti žensk pa se ne razlikujejo veliko od tistih pred vojno. Vpliv vojne se kaže tudi pri uveljavljanju novih vlog, ki so jih zavzele ženske, dodatno obremenjene zaradi primanjkljaja moških. Diplomska naloga se dotika tudi politične aktivnosti žensk, saj jim je vojna omogočila večje vključevanje v politično sfero. Kljub delni emancipaciji pa so v vojni še vedno sodelovale tudi v tradicionalni vlogi, ki jim jo je nalagala družba. Poleg tega so v diplomski nalogi obravnavane tudi razmere, v katerih so živele, bivalna in oblačilna kultura, prehrana in izobrazba.

Language:Slovenian
Keywords:Druga svetovna vojna, položaj žensk, italijanska okupacija, Sežana, socialna zgodovina, nemška okupacija, ženska emancipacija.
Work type:Bachelor thesis/paper (mb11)
Organization:FF - Faculty of Arts
Year:2020
Publication date in RUL:20.09.2020
Views:581
Downloads:155
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Secondary language

Language:English
Title:Status of women during world war II. (Sežana with its vicinity)
Abstract:
My diploma discusses women during World War II in Sežana and the neighbouring villages. This area was under Italian occupation between both wars, which implemented repression of Slovene culture and forced Italianization. After Italian capitulation the area was occupied by German forces, which enforced even larger repression. However, the locals met their occupiers with strong resistance. With the use of registers, prints and oral sources, the diploma discusses the effect of war on demography in this area. From 1943 to 1945 the number of weddings and baptisms dropped increasingly. Causes of death of women during the war didn’t change much. War also influenced the role of women, who had to take on larger amounts of work due to the absence of men. The diploma also presents their political activities, which enabled them bigger integration into the political sphere. Despite partial emancipation after the war, women still played part in their traditional role, which was presented to them by society. Furthermore, in my diploma I discuss living conditions, eating culture, education of women and types of clothing they wore.

Keywords:Second world war, status of women, Italian occupation, Sežana, social history, German occupation, emancipation of women.

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