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Samostigmatizacija kadilcev : magistrsko delo
Bevc, Bor (Author), Podnar, Klement (Mentor) More about this mentor... This link opens in a new window

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Abstract
Odnos do kajenja tobaka se je skozi zgodovino spreminjal. V svojih začetkih je bil predvsem prisoten v obredih in ritualih, kasneje so ga začeli uporabljati Evropejci. V različnih časovnih in kulturnih obdobjih je bil sprejet drugače; včasih kot skrajno deviantno početje, včasih kot nekaj sublimnega ali kot simbol emancipacije žensk. Danes, ko je kajenje dobro poznano in razširjeno, po drugi stani pa vedno bolj omejeno in nadzorovano, se giblje na robu družbene sprejemljivosti. Pogled družbe na kajenje poizkušamo razumeti s pomočjo teorije stigme, zanimajo pa nas predvsem posledice stigmatizacije za stigmatiziranega posameznika. Samostigmatizacija lahko ima negativne vplive na različne vidike osebnosti in samopodobe, predvsem samoučinkovitost in samospoštovanje. Po drugi stani želimo opozoriti, da samostigmatizacija ni nujno negativna. Pomembno je razlikovanje med specifično in splošno samoučinkovitostjo. Velik poudarek namenjamo delovanju samostigmatizacije, kjer se zgledujemo pa Corriganovem progresivnem modelu samostigmatizacije. Za empirično zaznavanje samostigmatizacije kadilcev smo oblikovali model, ki preverja povezanost različnih faz samostigmatizacije z negativnimi posledicami za samoučinkovitost in samospoštovanje. Izvedli smo anketiranje na nenamenskem nereprezentativnem vzorcu kadilcev. To negativno povezanost smo zaznali pri samospoštovanju in splošni samoučinkovitosti, ne pa pri specifični samoučinkovitosti, povezani s prenehanjem kajenja, četudi smo jo merili na dva metodološko različna načina.

Language:Slovenian
Keywords:samostigmatizacija, kajenje, samoučinkovitost, samospoštovanje
Work type:Master's thesis/paper (mb22)
Tipology:2.09 - Master's Thesis
Organization:FDV - Faculty of Social Sciences
Year:2020
Publisher:[B. Bevc]
Number of pages:78 str.
UDC:316.6:613.84(043.2)
COBISS.SI-ID:30630403 This link opens in a new window
Views:125
Downloads:68
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Secondary language

Language:English
Title:Smoking Self-Stigma
Abstract:
Attitudes towards tobacco smoking have changed throughout the history. In its beginnings, it was present in rituals, later the Europeans began to use it. Its acceptance differed based on cultural environment; sometimes as a deviant act sometimes as sublime or as a symbol of emancipated women. Today, when smoking is well known but increasingly limited and controlled, its social status is unsure. We try to understand society's view of smoking via theory of stigma. Our main interest is how stigmatization affects the stigmatized user; smoker. Self-stigmatization has an effect on personality and self-perception; namely self-efficacy in self-esteem. But this is not always the case. The distinction between specific and general self-efficacy is important. Emphasis is on model of self-stigmatization introduced by Corrigan. To empirically identify the self-stigmatization of smokers, we designed a self-stigma model that examines the association of different phases of self-stigmatization with negative consequences for self-efficacy and self-esteem. We conducted a survey on a non-target, non-representative sample of smokers. Negative correlation was show for self-esteem in general self- efficacy, but not for specific self- efficacy related to smoking cessation, even thaw we measured in two methodologically different ways.

Keywords:Self-stigma, smoking, self-efficacy, self-esteem

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